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(upload on June 24 2018) [ 日本語 | English ]

Epimedium grandiflorum C .Morren






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Epimedium L. (イカリソウ)
Ikarisou (イカリソウ, 碇草/錨草), large flowered barrenwort or bishop hat
Life form: deciduous, perennial forb ≈ 30 cm tall
Distribution: China - Korea - Japan (south to the Oshima District of Hokkaido)
Habitat: mesic hills and mountains
Utilization: gardening and medicine (icariin)
var. thunbergianum (Miq.) Nakai (イカリソウ)

f. humile (T. Itô) Nakai (シロイカリソウ), white flower
f. violaceum (C. Morren) Stearn (イカリソウ, s.s.)
f. heterochroum Hayashi (ジンバイカリソウ)

var. grandiflorum (ヤチマタイカリソウ), the type
Cultivars: Nanum, Rose Queen, White Queen, etc.
索引

Epimedium L. (イカリソウ)


Ca 60 species in the world, 5-6 in Japan
E. diphyllum Lodd. ex Graham (バイカイカリソウ)

ssp. kitamuranum (T. Yamanaka) K. Suzuki (サイコクイカリソウ)

E. grandiflorum C. Morren (イカリソウ, s.l.)
E. koreanum Nakai (キバナイカリソウ)

var. coelestre (Nakai) Yonek. (クモイイカリソウ)

E. sagittatum (Siebold et Zucc.) Maxim. (ホザキノイカリソウ), evergreen, non-native to Japan
E. sempervirens Nakai ex F. Maek. (トキワイカリソウ)

var. hypoglaucum (Makino) Ohwi (ウラジロイカリソウ)

E. trifoliatobinatum (Koidz.) Koidz. (ヒメイカリソウ)

ssp. maritimum K. Suzuki (シオミイカリソウ)
f. rosiflorum Akasawa (ウスベニヒメイカリソウ)

Putative hybrids:

E. × setosum Koidz. (オオバイカイカリソウ)
E. × youngianum Fisch. et C. A. Mey. (ウメザキイカリソウ)

Epimedium grandiflorum transplanted in West Coast


ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] in the South Park Blocks of Portland, Oregon, on August 10 2017.

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