(First upload on April 15 2014. Last on August 30 2016) [ 日本語 | English ]

Lithocarpus edulis (Makino) Nakai

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Lithocarpus Blume (マテバシイ) in Japan

Only two species, L. edulis and L. glaber, are native to Japan
L. amygdalifolius (Skan) Hayata (アミガシ)
L. brevicaudatus (Skan) Hayata (トガリバガシ)
L. corneus (Lour.) Rehder (コウダイホガシ)
L. dodonaeifolius (Hayata) Hayata (ヤナギバガシ)
L. edulis (Makino) Nakai (マテバシイ)
L. formosanus (Skan) Hayata (タイワンガシ)
L. glaber (Thunb.) Nakai (シリブカガシ)
L. hancei (Benth.) Rehder (ナンバンガシ)
L. harlandii (Hance ex Walp.) Rehder (ホソバナンバンガシ)
L. kawakamii (Hayata) Hayata (オオバガシ)
L. konishii (Hayata) Hayata (コニシガシ)
L. lepidocarpus (Hayata) Hayata (オニガシ)
L. nantoensis (Hayata) Hayata (ナントウガシ)
L. shinsuiensis Hayata et Kaneh. (シンスイエイガシ)
L. taitoensis (Hayata) Hayata (タイトウガシ)

Lithocarpus edulis in Japan

Matebashii (マテバシイ, 馬刀葉椎/全手葉椎), Japanese stone oak
Matebagashi (マテバガシ), or Mategashi (マテガシ), and many others
Lifeform: evergreen tall tree ≈ 15 m high
Distribution: endemic to Japan (south to Boso Peninsula, Kanto District)
Habitat: coasts
Seed dispersal: gravity (or cache by rodents)
Pollination: insect ↔ Quercus: wind
Use: garden canopy, street tree (prevention of fire and strong wind)

Pasania edulis (Makino) Makino
Quercus edulis Makino (basionym)


[1/2] a transplnted tree at a park near the Tsukuba Station of Tsukuba Express, Ibaragi Prefecture, on March 7 2014. [3] at Hibiya Park, Tokyo, on December 27 2014. [4] in Oi Pier Seaside Park, Tokyo, on June 3 2016.