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(First upload on September 22 2008. Last on September 28 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Betula maximowicziana Regel






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Betula L. (カバノキ, birch)


Japan
There are three common birch species: B. ermanii, B. maximowicziana, and B. platyphylla in Hokkaido.
B. alleghaniensis Britton (キハダカンバ), eastern North America
B. apoiensis Nakai (アポイカンバ)
B. chichibuensis H. Hara (チチブミネバリ)
B. chinensis Maxim. (トウカンバ), China
B. corylifolia Regel et Maxim. (ネコシデ)
B. costata Trautv. (チョウセンミネバリ)
B. davurica Pall. (ヤエガワカンバ)
B. ermanii Cham. (ダケカンバ)
B. fruticosa Pall. (コウアンヒメオノオレ)
B. globispica Shirai (ジゾウカンバ)
B. grossa Siebold et Zucc. (ミズメ)
B. maximowicziana Regel (ウダイカンバ)
B. middendorffii Trautv. et C. A. Mey. (ポロナイカンバ)
B. ovalifolia Rupr. (ヤチカンバ)
B. pendula Roth (オウシュウシラカンバ/シダレカンバ), Europe

many varieties, used for park and street tree, building and appliance wood

B. platyphylla Sukaczev var. japonica (Miq.) H. Hara (シラカンバ)
B. schmidtii Regel (オノオレカンバ)

f. angustifolia (Shirai) Sugim. ex H. Ohba (ホソバオノオレ)

Alaska
B. nana L. (ヒメカンバ)
B. papyrifera Marshall (カミカンバ)

Betula maximowicziana in Hokkaido


Udai-kamba (ウダイカンバ, 鵜松明樺, often called 'Makaba/マカバ/真樺'), Monarch birch, Maximowicz's birch or Japanese red birch
Lifeform: large, deciduous tree
Distribution: Kuril - northern Japan (north to Chubu District), including Hokkaido
Habitat: pioneer sun tree establishing soon after disturbances
Seed dispersal: wind by wing
Mount Usu (flora)

Birch1 Birch2 Birch1
[1/2] There are three Betula species on Mount Usu and Mount Koma.In the crater basin on September 19 2008. [3] in a Miscanthus sinensis grassland on the Nishiyama Craters on July 27 2017.

索引
Mount Koma (flora)

Birch1 Birch2
[1/2] on the southwestslope of Mount Koma on July 9 2009.

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