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(Upload on October 11 2018) [ 日本語 | English ]

Cannaceae Juss. (カンナ科)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

[Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)]

Order Zingiberales (ショウガ)

Family Cannaceae (カンナ/ダンドク)

consisting of one genus

Canna L. (カンナ)


About 50 species in the world
Lifeform: large tropical and subtropical perennial herbs with a rhizomatous rootstock
Flower: three sepals and three petals
Leaf: broad, flat and alternate
Introduced to Japan
C. edulis Ker Gawl. (ショクヨウカンナ)
C. indica L. (ダンドク), wild type of C. × generalis

var. flava (Roscoe) Baker (キバナダンドク)
var. warszewiczii (A. Dietr.) Nb. Tanaka (ムラサキダンドク)

C. orchiodes L. H. Bailey (イタリアンカンナ)
C. × generalis L. H. Bailey (ハナカンナ)

C. × generalis in Hokkaido


Canna indica hybrid
Hanakanna (ハナカンナ), canna or canna-lily
Lifeform: perennial herb
Chromosome number: 2n = 18
Use: gardening → cultivars

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] on a samll flower garden under a street tree in front of Fuji Women's University, Sapporo, on October 9 2018.

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