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(First upload on December 8 2013. Last on January 31 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

⇒ Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)

Aquifoliaceae DC. ex A. Rich. (1828) (モチノキ)


Ca 600 spp. in two genera (or one genus) in the world
Ilex L.
Nemopanthus Raf. (including into Ilex)

Ilex L. (モチノキ) in Japan


I. aquifolium L. (セイヨウヒイラギ)
I. arisanensis Yamam. (ウスバアリサンソヨゴ)
I. asprella (Hook. et Arn.) Champ. ex Benth. (タイワンウメモドキ)
I. bioritsensis Hayata (ヒイラギソヨゴ)
I. buergeri Miq. (シイモチ)
I. chinensis Sims (ナナミノキ)

f. angustifolia Sugim. (ホソバナナメノキ)

I. cochinchinensis (Lour.) Loes. (サカキバイヌツゲ)
I. cornuta Lindl. et Paxton (ヤバネヒイラギモチ)
I. crenata Thunb. (イヌツゲ, s.l.)
I. dimorphophylla Koidz. (アマミヒイラギモチ)
I. formosana Maxim. (タイワンモチノキ)
I. geniculata Maxim. (フウリンウメモドキ)

var. glabra Okuyama (オクノフウリンウメモドキ)

I. goshiensis Hayata (ツゲモチ)
I. integra Thunb. (モチノキ)
I. kusanoi Hayata (イヌソヨゴ)
I. latifolia Thunb. (タラヨウ)
I. leucoclada (Maxim.) Makino (ヒメモチ)
I. lilongshanensis C. E. Chang (ヒイランイヌツゲ)
I. liukiuensis Loes. (リュウキュウモチ)
I. lonicerifolia Hayata (ニンドウモチノキ)

var. matsudae (Yamam.) Yamam. (マツダモチノキ)

I. macrocarpa Oliv. (ヒロハタマミズキ)
I. macropoda Miq. (アオハダ)
I. matanoana Makino (ムニンイヌツゲ)
I. maximowicziana Loes. (ナガバイヌツゲ)

var. kanehirae (Yamam.) T. Yamaz. (ムッチャガラ)

I. mertensii Maxim. (シマモチ)

var. beecheyi (Loes.) T. Yamaz. (ムニンモチ)

I. micrococca Maxim. (タマミズキ)

f. luteocarpa H. Ohba et S. Akiyama (キミノタマミズキ)

I. nipponica Makino (ミヤマウメモドキ)
I. opaca Aiton (アメリカヒイラギモチ)
I. paraguariensis A. St. Hil. (マテチャ)
I. pedunculosa Miq. (ソヨゴ)
I. percoriacea Tuyama (アツバモチ)
I. pernyi Franch. (ペルニーヒイラギ)
I. pubescens Hook. et Arn. (ケイヌツゲ)
I. rarasanensis Sasaki (ララサンモチノキ)
I. rotunda Thunb. (クロガネモチ)
I. rugosa F. Schmidt (ツルツゲ)
I. serrata Thunb. (ウメモドキ)

f. alba Hiyama (シロイヌウメモドキ)
f. argutidens (Miq.) Sa. Kurata (イヌウメモドキ)
f. glabrifolia Sa. Kurata (フジウメモドキ)
f. leucocarpa Beissner (シロウメモドキ)
f. subtilis (Miq.) Ohwi (コショウバイ)
f. xanthocarpa (Rehder) Rehder (キミノウメモドキ)

I. sugerokii Maxim. var. brevipedunculata (Maxim.) S.Y.Hu (アカミノイヌツゲ)
I. taisanensis Hayata (ロクジョウソヨゴ)
I. tugitakayamensis Sasaki (ツギタカモチノキ)
I. warburgii Loes. (オオシイバモチ)
I. yunnanensis Franch. var. parvifolia (Hayata) S. Y. Hu (ニイタカツゲ)

Ilex rugosa in Japan


Tsurutsuge (ツルツゲ, 蔓黄楊), tsuru holly
Life form: stoloniferous, evergreen shrub
Distribution: Asian temperate (Far East - Japan)
Habitat: forest floor of needle-leaved trees, sometimes categorized into (sub)alpine plant

Field training on integrated environmental research (統合環境調査法実習) (出現種リスト)

Leaf: sag downwards in the veins
Stem: developing crista
Seed dispersal (種子散布): animal → red fruit
Synonyms (no accessions)

Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt var. vegeta H. Hara
Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt var. hondoensis T. Yamaz.
Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt f. vegeta (H. Hara) H. Hara

var. stenophylla (Koidz.) Sugim. (ホソバツルツゲ)
索引

ST1 ST2
ST3 ST4
[1] at a trail in a Picea glehnii forest (アカエゾマツ林) on Mount Meakan (雌阿寒岳), eastern Hokkaido, on June 25 2013. [2/3] at a western slope of Mount Yotei (羊蹄山), central Hokkaido, on June 28 2014. [4] a specimen collected on a Japaese black pine forest in the Ikarashi Campus of Niigata University on August 2 1989.

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