(First upload on October 12 2016. Last on March 13 2919) [ 日本語 | English ]

Gladiolus × colvillii Sweet

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Gladiolus Tourn. ex L. (グラジオラス), sword lily

Gladiolus (pl. gladioli)
No native species in Japan → introduced for gardening (many cultivars)
Lifeform: perennial forbs developing bulbs
Distribution: diversity center = the Cape floristic region

native to Africa and Mediterranean regions

APG III: Acidanthera, Anomalesia, Homoglossum and Oenostachys, are included in Gladiolus
G. × colvillii Sweet (グラジオラス)

G. cardinalis × G. tristis

G. × gandavensis Van Houtte (トウショウブ

G. dalenii × G. oppositiflorus

Western Australia
G. caryophyllaceus (Burm. f.) Poir.

Gladiolus × colvillii in Hokkaido

Gurajiorasu (グラジオラス), Colville's gladiolus
Toushoubu (トウショウブ, 唐菖蒲)
Orandashoubu (オランダショウブ, 阿蘭陀菖蒲)

Cultivars: albus, the bride

Iris1 Iris2 Iris3
[1-3] at a house garden in the West Ward of Sapporo, on August 14 2016.

Gladiolus caryophyllaceus (Burm. f.) Poir. in Western Australia

Nadeshikotoushoubu (ナデシコトウショウブ), wild gladiolus (*: tentative translation)
Lifeform: perennial forb
Distribution: native to the Cape Provinces in South Africa

an exotic weed in Western Australia - wheatbelt, jarrah forest, mallee and Swan Coastal Plain


Antholyza caryophyllacea Burm. f.
Anisanthus caryophyllaceus (Burm. f.) Klatt
Homoglossum caryophyllaceum (Burm. f.) N. E. Br.

[1/2] near the coast of Perth, Western Australia. on October 4 2003.