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(First upload on December 20 2009. Last on August 7 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Ficus erecta Thunb.






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Ficus L. (イチジク), fig tree or fig


Tribe Ficeae Gaudich. in Moraceae
Ca 850 spp. → Keystone species in varous rainforest ecosystems
Many species are originated from tropical.

F. ampelas Burm. f. (ホソバムクイヌビワ, キングイヌビワ): east Asia, including Nansei Islands
F. bengutensis Merr. (アカメイヌビワ, コウトウイヌビワ): Philippines - Taiwan - Japan
F. boninsimae Koidz. (トキワイヌビワ): Bonin Islands
F. carica L. (イチジク)
F. caulocarpa (Miq.) Miq. (オオバアコウ): east Asia, including southern Japan
F. erecta Thunb. (イヌビワ)
F. iidaiana Rehd. et Wilson (オオヤマイチジク): Haha Island in Bonin Islands
F. irisana Elmer (ムクイヌビワ): east Asia, including south Japan
F. microcarpa L. fil. (ガジュマル): east Asia, including south Japan
F. nipponica Franch. et Savat. (イタビカズラ): vine, east Asia, including central to south Japan
F. nishimurae Koidz. (オオトキワイヌビワ): Bonin Islands
F. pumila L. (オオイタビ)
F. septica Brumann fil. (オオバイヌビワ): east Asia, incluidng south Japan
F. superba (Miq.) Miq. var. japonica Miq. (アコウ): east Asia, including south Japan
F. thunbergii Maxim. (ヒメイタビ)
F. variegata Bl. (ギランイヌビワ, コニシイヌビワ): east Asia, incluidng south to Ishigaki Island
F. virgata Reinw. ex Bl. (ハマイヌビワ): east Asia, including south Japan and Australia
Commercial plants (in Japan)
F. auriculata Lour. (オオバイチジク): tropical Asia
F. benjamina L. (ベンジャミンゴムノキ, シダレガジュマル)
F. bengalensis L. (ベンガルボダイジュ)

var. krishnae (C. DC) Corner

F. diversifolia Bl. (コバンボダイジュ): India - Malaysia
F. elastica Roxb. (インドゴムノキ)

cv. apollo (アポロ), asahi (アサヒ), decora (マルバインドゴムノキ), decora tricolor (デコラトリコロール), decora variegata (デコラバリエガータ), variegata (フイリインドゴムノキ)

F. hispida L. f. (タイセイイチジク): east Asia
F. lyrata Warb. (カシワバゴムノキ): tropical Africa
F. macrophylla Desf. ex Pers. (オオバゴムノキ): Australia
F. racemosa L. (syn. F. glomerata Roxb. (ウドンゲ)
F. religiosa L. (インドボダイジュ)
F. sycomorus L. (エジプトイチジク)
F. tikoua Bureau

Ficus erecta in Japan


Inubiwa (イヌビワ, 犬枇杷), Japanese fig
Itabi (イタビ, 木蓮子)
Lifeform: deciduous small tree
Distribution: Taiwan - Korea - Japan (Kyushu - central Honshu)
Habitat: mountains near the sea

There are male and female trees. The fruit is edible, dark purple and is likea loqat fruit. However, it is a fig, not a loquat.
var. beecheyana (Hook. et Arn.) King (ケイヌビワ)
var. sieboldii (Miq.) Corner (ホソバイヌビワ)

索引

ST1 ST2 ST3
ST4 ST5 ST6
[1/2] at Rakuju-en Garden, Mishima, Shizuoka Prefecture, on November 18 2009. [3/4] in Hama-rikyu Gardens, Tokyo, on November 13 2015. [5] in Oi Pier Seaside Park, Tokyo, on June 3 2016. [6] at a bank along Sophia Street, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, on May 26 2017.

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