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(First upload on July 1 2014. Last on February 21 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Transplanted pines in Japan






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Pinus L. (マツ) transplanted
P. banksiana Lamb.
P. bungeana Zucc. ex Endl.
P. mugo Turra
P. nigra J. F. Arnold
P. sylvestris L.
P. rigida Mill.
bark (樹皮)

Pinus banksiana Lamb. in Japan


Bankusumatsu (バンクスマツ), jack pine, grey pine or scrub pine
Lifeform: evergreen tall tree ≈ 20 m high
Distribution: eastern North America
Habitat: diverse, e.g., nutrient-poor and/or well-drained soils
Stem: non-straight form
Leaf: two per bundle
Cone: serotinous (> 50°C)
Use: timber
索引

ST1 ST2
ST3 ST4
[1-4] transplanted in front of an apartment, N28W3, West Ward, Sapporo. [1-3] on April 28 2016. [4] on December 24 2016. Broken down by heavy snow.

Pinus bungeana Zucc. ex Endl. in Japan


Shiromatsu (シロマツ, 白松/白皮松), lacebark pine
Hakusyou (ハクショウ, 白松), Sankonomatsu (サンコノマツ, 三鈷ノ松)
Lifeform: evergreen tall tree ≈ 30 m high
Distribution: central to northwestern China
Habitat: mountains in the native regions
Leaf: three per bundle
Use: gardening, street tree, etc. → a few cultivars

holly tree in China → planted in temples and palaces

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at Yushima Temple (seido), Tokyo, on May 30 2014. Record: in the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園), the University of Tokyo, on March 16 2017.

Pinus mugo Turra in Hokkaido


Montanamatsu (モンタナマツ), mountain pine
Mugomatsu (ムゴマツ/スイスコウザンマツ/スイスミヤママツ)
Etymology: montano (Italian) or montagne (French) → mountain
Lifeform: evergreen shrub (= ssp. mugo) < 3 m high in Japan
Distribution: southwestern to Central Europe → introduced to Japan after Taisho Era
Habitat: high elevation
Leaf: two per bundle
Use: groundcover
Synonyms:

Pinus montana Mill.
Pinus mugho Laichard., spelling variant

ssp. mugo, dwarf mountain pine → dwarf < 6 m high, in southern and eastern Alps, Balkan Peninsula
ssp. uncinata (Ramond) Domin, mountain pine → straight ≈ 20 m high, from the Pyrenees northeast to Poland

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] a parking lot between Kushiro and Akkeshi along the National Route 44 on June 30 2014.

Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold in Hokkaido


Oushukuromatsu (オウシュウクロマツ, 欧州黒松), European black pine, or Austrian pine
Yo-roppakuromatsu (ヨーロッパクロマツ)
Lifeform: evergreen tall tree ≈ 25 m high
Distribution: southern and eastern Europe, and east Asia
Habitat: drained, sunny sites
Stem: straight ↔ P. thunbergii = winding
Leaf: two long leaves per bundle
Use: street tree, windbreak forest, etc.
Varieties: several

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] near Faculty of Engineer at the Main Street of Hokkaido University on June 21 2014.

Pinus sylvestris L. in China


Oushuakamatsu (オウシュウアカマツ, 欧州赤松), European red pine
Lifeform: evergreen, needle-leaved, tall tree
Habitat: monotonic or mixed forests
Use: wood
var. sylvestris, the type distributed in Europe (Scotland - central Siberia)
var. hamata Steven., Balkan Peninsula - Caucasia
var. mongolica Litv., (樟小松 in Chinese) Mongolia - southern Siberia - northwestern China
var. nevadensis D. H. Christ., Sierra Nevada (Spain), etc.

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] var. mongolica in the animal and plant park, Changchun City, Jilin Prvince, northeastern China, on June 6 2017.
Changbai Scotch Pine, Pinus sylvestris Linn. var. sylvestriformis is a kind of evergreen tree narrowly distributed at 800-1600 m altitude of the north slope of Changbai Mountain. It can grow up to 25-30 m high with 25-40 cm DBH. The trunk is straight and smooth. The bark is light yellow brown to dark brown, and the annual branch is light brown. The long needles in bunches of two are 4-9 cm, coarse and slightly twisted. The female cones are ovoid and bent downward. It is fond of light and resistant to barren soil, and deep-rooted. It is also called Meiren (美人, Beauty) Pine because of its straight trunk beautiful shape.

at APP, June 5 2017

Pinus rigda Mill. in Japan


Rigidamatsu (リギダマツ), pitch pine, Mitsubamatsu (ミツバマツ)
Distribution: eastern America (Maine - Ohio)
Habitat: shallow soil and/or sand gravel
Leaf: three per bundle

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at Hibiya Park, Tokyo, on December 27 2014.

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