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(First upload on September 4 2012. Last on October 23 2018) [ 日本語 | English ]

Viola verecunda A. Gray






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Viola L. (スミレ)
Viola verecunda A. Gray
Tsubosumire (ツボスミレ, 坪菫), hidden violet
Nyoisumire (ニョイスミレ, 如意菫)
Lifeform: deciduous perennial forb
Distribution: East Asia, including Japan (Honshu - Hokkaido)
Habitat: mesic sites, represented by wetlands
var. fibrillosa (W. Becker) Ohwi (ミヤマツボスミレ)
Distribution: alpine zones in the central Honshu
Stem: producing roots after fallen
var. semilunaris Maxim. (アギスミレ, 顎菫)
Leaf: becoming in crescent shape after flowering, wetland type
var. subaequiloba (Franch. et Sav.) F. Maek. (ヒメアギスミレ)
Distribution: mountaineous forests in western Japan on a par with var. fibrillosa
Leaf: boomerang-like
var. yakushimana (Nakai) Ohwi (コケスミレ)
Distribution: alpine wetlands, represented by Hananoegou (花之江河) bog in Yakushima Island
f. candidissima M. Mizush. ex E. Hama et Nackej. (シラユキスミレ)
f. lilacina Sugaya (サルクラスミレ)
f. radicans Makino (ハイツボスミレ)
Stem: innately producing roots from leaning stems
f. variegata Honda (マダラツボスミレ)
f. violascens Hiyama ex F. Maek. (ムラサキコマノツメ)
索引

Viola verecunda in Hokkaido


Viola1 Viola2 Viola3
Viola4 Viola5 Viola6
[1/2] at Meakan-Onneto Natural Forest, eastern Hokkaido, on June 25 2013. [3] near a Populus tremula forest in the Kyushu University Experimental Forest of Ashoro Town, June 5 2014. [4] along a walkboard in the post-mined peatland, Sarobetsu mire, on May 22 2016. [5/6] can be seen cleistogamous flowers, in the Uryu Experimental Forest of Hokkaido University, northern Hokkaido, where a field training was conducted, on June 26 2018.

var. semilunaris Maxim. (アギスミレ)

Viola1 Viola2 Viola3
[1-3] in Abira wetland on July 16 2012.

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