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(First upload on December 10 2009. Last on March 19 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Chamaecyparis obtusa (Siebold et Zucc.) Endl.






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Modified after Ohwi & Kitagawa (1983) [New Engler's syllabus (新エングラー体系)]

Cupressaceae Bartlett in Japan


Thuja L. (クロベ)
T. koraiensis Nakai (ニオイネズコ)
T. occidentalis L. (ニオイヒバ)
T. plicata Donn ex D. Don (アメリカネズコ)
T. standishii (Gordon) Carrière (クロベ)
T. sutchuenensis Franch. (シセンネズコ)
Thujopsis Sieb. et Zucc. (アスナロ)
T. dolabrata (Linn. fil.) Sieb. et Zucc. (アスナロ)
Chamaecyparis Spach (ヒノキ)
Native to eastern Asia and western and eastern North America
species in Japan (many cultivars are applied)
C. obtusa (Siebold et Zucc.) Endl. (ヒノキ)
C. pisifera (Siebold et Zucc.) Siebold et Zucc. (サワラ)
Juniperus L. (ビャクシン)
J. chinensis L. (ビャクシン)
J. communis L. (リシリビャクシン/ミヤマネズ)
J. conferta Parlatore (ハイネズ)
J. taxifolia Hook. et Arn. (シマムロ)
J. rigida Sieb. et Zucc. (ネズ)
J. virginiana L. (エンピツビャクシン)

Imported genera

Cunninghamia R. Br. (コウヨウザン)
C. lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. (コウヨウザン)
Cupressus L. (イトスギ)
C. funebris Endl. (シダレイトスギ)
C. macrocarpa Hartw. (モントレーイトスギ)
C. sempervirens L. (ホソイトスギ)
C. torulosa D. Don (オオイトスギ)
Platycladus Spach (コノテガシワ)
P. orientalis (L.) Franco (コノテガシワ)

Chamaecyparis obtusa in Japan


Hinoki (ヒノキ, 檜), hinoki falsecypress
Etymology of Japanese name: fire tree = creating a fire with striking the wood
Lifeform: evergreen tree < 35 m high
Distribution: endemic of Japan (south to central Honshu)
Habitat: mountains
Stoma: articulated, Y-shaped
Flavor: fragrant
Wood: pink

compared to C. pisifera (サワラ)

Utilization: timber forest → transplanted in various regions

The Anthology of Myriad Leaves (万葉集)
The Kiso five trees (木曽五木)

Varieties (cultivars)
cv. breviramea (チャボヒバ), filicoides (アオノクジャクヒバ), filicoides-aurea (オウゴンクジャクヒバ), penduliformis (シダレヒノキ), breviramea (カマクラヒバ)

ST1 ST2 ST3

索引

ST4 ST5

[1-3] at Rakuju-en Garden, Mishima, on November 18 2009. [4/5] at the Fujisawa Campus of Nihon University, Kanagawa Prefecture, on January 21 2014. [1] sapling. [5] a bark (樹皮).

cv. breviramea (カマクラヒバ)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] in the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園), the University of Tokyo, on March 16 2017.

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