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(Upload on January 30 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Glossary (小辞典)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

new Information

[Plant list, References]


YY-MM-DD / Subject
18-08-13 / Bentham-Hooker sytem
18-08-12 / spadix
18-08-04 / pentose
18-07-30 / metaplasm
18-07/25 / fairy ring
18-07-18 / pit dwelling
18-07-02 / vacuole
18-06-03 / placenta
18-05-22 / basionym
18-04-02 / raised bog
18-04-02 / phytomass
18-04-02 / necromass


ST 索引

Subject index


A


abundance
acid rain (酸性雨)
aerial root (気根)
agrichemicals (農薬)
agroforestry (アグロフォレストリー)
alas (アラス)
algae (藻類)
Allen's rule (アレンの法則)
allometry (相対成長)
alpine zone (高山帯)
amino acid (アミノ酸)
amphibian (両生類)
analytical chemistry (分析化学)
Angiospermae (被子植物)
The Anthology of Myriad Leaves (万葉集)
anthropology (人類学)
APG (分子系統分類)
Apoi, Mount (アポイ岳)
arboretum (樹木園)
aridity-humidity index (乾湿度指数)
asexual reproduction (無性生殖)
atmosphere (大気圏)

B


baidzharakh (バイジャラーヒ)
bark (樹皮)
basionym (基礎異名)
beer (ビール)
belowground

problems on the measurement of - organs

belt transect (帯状区)
benefical element (有用元素)
Bentham-Hooker sytem (ベンサム・フッカー方式)
Bergmann's rule (ベルクマンの法則)
β-diversity (ベータ多様性)
bias (バイアス)
binomial nomenclature (二名法)
biodiversity (生物多様性)

- hotspots (ホットスポット)

biogeochemical cycle (生物地球化学循環)
biogeography (生物地理学)
bioindicator
biological invasion (生物学的侵入)
biologial species (生物学的種)
biology (生物学)
biomagnification (生態濃縮)
biomass (バイオマス)
biome (バイオーム)

- type

bioremediation (バイオレメディエーション)
biosphere (生物圏)
biota (生物相)
biotope (ビオトープ)
birds (aves) (鳥類)
blue-green algae (藍藻)
bog (高層湿原)
Boolean algebra (ブール代数)
botanical detail (図鑑)
botanical garden (植物園)
Bos grunniens, Bos mutus, see 'yak'

C


C/N ratio (C/N比)
cambium (形成層)
cache of seeds (隠匿散布)
cainozoic (新生代)
canonical correspondence analysis (CCA)
carnivorous plant (食虫植物)
causal relation
cell (細胞)

- wall (-壁)

cellurose (セルロース)
centrifuged flotation method (遠心浮上法)
Charophyta (車軸藻)
chemical sensitivity (化学物質過敏症)
cherry blossom front
chilling injury (冷害)
chloroplast (葉緑体)
chronology (年代学)
chronosequence (クロノシークエンス)
climate (気候)
climax (極相)

- community (-群集)
- forest (-林)
- pattern theory (-パターン説)
- species (-種)

climbing plant (つる植物)
cline (クライン)
cloud ()
cluster analysis (クラスター分析)
coalfield (炭田)
coast (海浜)

- vegetation
- plant (-植物)

coleoptera (鞘翅目)
community (群集)
compost (コンポスト)
conservation (保全)
consumer (消費者)
Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD (生物多様性条約)
corolla (花冠)
correlation relation
correspondence analysis (CA)
corridor (回廊)
Corvus macrorhynchos (ハシブトガラス)
cover, coverage (被度)
Cronquist's syllabus (クロンキスト体系)
crop (作物)
crustose lichens (固着地衣)
cultural anthropology (文化人類学)
culture (カルチャー)

D


Darwin CR (ダーウィン CR)
decomposer (分解者)
definite inflorescence (有限花序)
density (密度)
desert (砂漠)
detrended correspondence analysis, DCA (傾向化除去対応分析)
detritus
diptera (双翅目)
direct ordination (直接勾配分析)
disaster (災害)

- prevention (防災)

disturbance (撹乱)
diversity (多様性)

- index
α - (α-)
β - (β-)
γ - (γ-)

dominance (優占度)
dominant species
dormancy

seed -

drift ice
duff
dwarf bamboo (Sasa) (ササ, 笹)

distribution of -


E


earthquake (地震)
earth science (地球科学)
eco (エコ)
ecocline (エコクライン, 生態勾配)
ecologist (生態学者)
ecology (生態学)

classification of -

ecomuseum (エコミュージアム)
ecosystem (生態系)

- services (- サービス)

ecotone (エコトーン)
ecoup (エコアップ)
ecological pyramid (生態ピラミッド)
economics (経済学)
ecotype (エコタイプ)
ectomycorrhiza (外生菌根)
electromagnetic spectrum (電磁スペクトル)
electron microscope (電子顕微鏡)
endangered species (絶滅危惧種)
endomycorrhiza
endoplasmic reticulum (小胞体)
endosymbiosis (細胞内共生)
Engler, Heinrich Gustav Adolf
Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)
English (英語)

- conversation (- 会話)
- grammar (- 文法)

Eniwa, Mount
entrance examination (院試問題)
environment (環境)

-al education (- 教育)
-al medicine (- 医学)
-al stress (- ストレス)
-al law (- 法)
-al science (- 科学)

enzyme (酵素)
epidemiology (疫学)
epiphyte (着生植物)
erica (ツツジ)
Esan, Mount
etymology (語源)
evergreen tree (常緑樹)
exotic
extinction event (大絶滅)

F


facilitation (定着促進効果)
Fahrenheit (華氏)
fairy ring (菌輪)
fauna (動物相)
feather moss
feeding habit
fen (低層湿原)
fern (シダ類)
fertilizer (肥料)
fire ecology (火災生態学)
field equipment (野外調査道具)
field biology (野外生物学)
field science (野外科学)
field trip (野外実習)
fish (魚類)
flower ()
flora (植物相)

- on Mount Koma
- on Mount Usu

floral diagram (花式図)
floral formula (花式)
foliage (葉群)
foliose lichens (葉状地衣)
food chain (食物連鎖)
food web (食物網)
forest (森林)

boreal -
temperate -
tropical -
- in Japan (日本の-)
- zones of the Cascades

fossil (化石)
freezing injury (凍害)
frequency
fruit (果実)
fruticose lichens (樹状地衣)
fungus (fungi)

G


garlic (大蒜)
genetics (遺伝学)
genome (ゲノム)
geographic information system (GIS) (地理情報システム)
geographical division of flora (植物区系)
geological timescale (地質年代)
geopark (ジオパーク)
geosphere (地圏)
geostatistics (空間統計学)
giant tree (巨木)
global warming (地球温暖化)
Golgi body (ゴルジ体)
Gondwana Continent (ゴンドワナ大陸)
graduate student (院生)
grazing
Greek (ギリシャ語)
green algae (緑藻)
greenhouse
greenhouse effect (温室効果)
Greenland (グリーンランド)
Grime's triangle
growth (成長)
growth stage
gymnospermae (裸子植物)

H


habitat
heath family (ツツジ科)
hair ()
hemicellulose (ヘミセルロース)
herbarium (標本庫)
herbivore
hexose (六炭糖)
Hokkaido (北海道)

Hokkaido Blue List (- ブルーリスト)

homonym (異物同名)
hotspot (ホットスポット)
human disturbance (人為撹乱)
humus (腐植)
HUSTEP, Hokkaido University Short-Term Exchange Program
hydrosphere (水圏)
Hymenoptera (膜翅目)

I


IAVS, International Association for Vegetation Science
ice wedge
importance value
indicator

- species (指標種)
- plant

indefinite inflorescence (無限花序)
indirect ordination (間接勾配分析)
individual (個体)
indusium (包膜)
inflorescence (花序)
insect (昆虫)
insurance (傷害保険)
international organization (国際機関)

acronyms of - (- 略称)

international system of units, SI (国際単位系)
internode (節間)
invasive alien species (侵略的外来種)
invertebrates (無脊椎動物)
island biogeography (島の生物地理学)
isometry

J


Japan (日本)

- in Japan (日本の-)
vegetation in - (-の植生)

Jomon (縄文)

- marine transgression (- 海進)
- man (- 人)

- forest (- の森)

jurisprudence (法学)

K


karst landform (カルスト地形)
Keiteki Wood (恵迪の森)
kelp (昆布)
keystone species (キーストーン種)
Kiso five tree (木曽五木)
knotweed (タデ)
Köppen climate classification (ケッペンの気候区分)
Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園)
Koma, Mount

history of eruptions on -
succession on - (-の遷移)

komomaki or straw mat wrapping (菰巻)

L


lahar (泥流)
Lambert-Beer law (ランバート・ベーア則)
landscape (景観)

- Act of Japan (-)
- ecology (- 生態学)
- patch (-パッチ)

lapilli (ラピリ)
Latin (ラテン語)
lava (溶岩)

- flow (-流)
- topography (-地形)

leaf ()

- margin (-縁)

lecture
lenticel (皮目)
lichens (地衣類)
lifeform (life-form, life form) (生活型)
life history stage
lignin (リグニン)
ligulate (舌状花)
Linnaeus, Carl von (リンネ)
litter (リター)
liverwort (苔類)
locust mound (バッタ塚)
logic (論理)
longwave radiation (長波放射)
lowland zone (山麓帯)
LTER, Long-Term Ecological Research program

M


macronutrient (多量必須元素)
magma (マグマ)
mammal (哺乳類)
mangrove
marsh (湿地)
mental health (精神保健)
mesic succession (湿性遷移)
mesozoic (中生代)
meta-analysis (メタ解析)
metaplasm (後形質)
methane
micronutrient (微量必須元素)
microscope (顕微鏡)
microtopography (微地形)
mineralogy (鉱物学)
minimum viable population, MVP
Miyake Island (三宅島)

succession on - (-の遷移)

Moiwa, Mount
monocotyledonae (単子葉類)
montane zone (山地帯)
morphology (形態学)
moss (蘚苔類)
mycology (菌学)

mycological taxonomy (-の分類)

mycorrhiza (菌根菌)
Mount

- Eniwa
- Esan
- Koma (渡島駒ヶ岳)
- Meakan (雌阿寒岳)
- Moiwa (藻岩山)
- Rainier
- Showa-Shinzan (昭和新山)
- St. Helens (セントへレンズ)
- Usu (有珠山)

musci (蘚類)

N


Nakajima Miyuki
natural disturbance (自然撹乱)
natural selection theory (自然淘汰説)
naturalness (自然度)
necromass (ネクロマス)
nectary (蜜腺)
Nishinoshima Island (西之島)
nitrogen cycle (窒素循環)
nomenclature (命名規約)
normalized difference

- soil index (NDSI)

- vegetation index (NDVI)
- water index (NDWI)

nutrient (栄養素)

O


ocean ecology (海洋生態学)
Okada Hiromu (岡田 弘)
Ono Pond (大野池)
optics (光学)
ordination (序列化)
ornithine cycle (オルニチン回路)

P


paleobotany (古植物学)
paleontology (古生態学)
paleozoic (古生代)
palsa (パルサ)
pea (マメ)
peat (泥炭)
peat moss (ミズゴケ)
pentose (五炭糖)
periglacial landforms (周氷河地形)
permafrost (永久凍土)
permanent plot (永久調査区)
pH (pH)
philosophy (哲学)
phloem (師部)
phosphate (リン)
phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) related to litter decompostion

quantification of -

photosynthesis (光合成)
physiognomy (相観)
phytomass (ファイトマス)
phytoremediation (ファイトレメディエーション)
phytosociology (植物社会学)

nomenclature of - (- 命名規約)

phytotron
pioneer (先駆種)
pistil (雌蕊)
pit dwelling (竪穴住居)
placenta (胎座)
plant

- community (-群集)
- taxonomy (植物分類学)
- virus (-ウィルス)

plasma membrane (形質膜)
plot (調査区)
poisonous plant (有毒植物)
polar ordination (極座標分析)
pingo (ピンゴ)
poison ()
pollen allergy (花粉症)
pollution disease (公害病)
polygon (ポリゴン)
polyploid (倍数性)
population (個体群)

- interaction

Portland
power harassment (パワハラ)
preclimax (前極相)
primary succession (一次遷移)
principal component analysis
priority (先取権)
productivity (生産力)

gross primary -
net biome -
net ecosystem -
net primary -
primary -

producer (生産者)
protocol (プロトコル)
Providence, HMS
pumice (軽石)
pyroclastic materials (火山砕屑物)

Q


Q-analysis (Q分析)
quadrat (方形区) QuAAtro (クワトロ)

R


Rainier, Mount
raised bog (隆起高層湿原)
R-analysis (R分析)
the Ramsar Convention (ラムサール条約)
Rangitoto Island
raster data (ラスターデータ)
reciprocal averaging (RA), see 'correspondence analysis'
Raunkiaer CC

-'s lifeform spectrum

reclamation (再生)
Red Data Book, RDB (RDB)
rehabilitation (復旧)
remote sensing (リモートセンシング)
report (レポート)
reproduction (生殖・繁殖)
reptile (爬虫類)
research permission (調査許可)
restoration (復元)

- ecology (復元生態学)

revegetation
rhizosphere (根圏)
Rishiri, Mount (利尻山)
Rishiri Rebun Sarobetsu National Park (利尻礼文サロベツ国立公園)
rock (岩石)
rodent (齧歯類)
root ()

- system (- 系)


S


sabo, erosion control (砂防)
safety manual (安全対策)
Sakai A (酒井昭)
saprophytic plant (腐生植物)
Sarobetsu Mire (サロベツ湿原)
satellite (人工衛星)
satoyama (里山)
scientific name (学名)
scientist (科学者)
sclerophyte (硬葉植物)
scoria (スコリア)
seagrass (海草)
seashore (海浜)
shovel (シャベル)
secondary succession (二次遷移)
seed (種子)

- dispersal (-散布)

primary -
secondary -

- extraction by flotation
- germination
- trap

seedbank (埋土種子)

- estimation

seeding
seedling
serpentine zone (蛇紋岩帯)
The seven spring herbs (春の七草)
sexual reproduction (有性生殖, 有性繁殖)
shallow water (浅瀬)
shoot (シュート)
shortwave radiation (短波放射)
Showa-Shinzan (昭和新山)
similarity (類似度)

Jaccard's -
Sφrensen's -

skislope (スキー場)

establishment of -
environmental problems caused by - landscape on -s (-景観)
Hidaka -
Korakuen -
Kotorinomura -
Makomanai -
Moiwa -
Morappu -
Mount Racey -
Nagaoka -
Nakayama Pass -
Ninoji -
Onze -
Rusutsu -
Tainai -
Teine Olympia -
Tomamu -
Toyotomi Spa -
Usujiri -
Yukyuzan -
Wakabuna -

SLOSS (SLOSS)
social science (社会科学)
solar radiation (日射)
spadix (肉穂花序)
species ()

exotic -
introduced -
invasive -
native -

naturalized -

species-area curve (種数面積曲線)
specimen (標本)

perfect -
- label

Sphagnum

- sheep

soil (土壌)

- color charts (土色帳)
- for gardening (用土)
- formation process (- 形成過程)
- profile (-断面)

spring ephemeral (春植物)
stamen (雄蕊)
stem ()
St. Helens, Mount (セントへレンズ山)

succession on - (-における遷移)

stele (中心柱)
stipule (托葉)
stress (ストレス)
STS (STS教育)
subalpine zone (亜高山帯)
succession (遷移)

secondary -
- explained by CSR theory
- on Mount Usu

successional

- pace (遷移速度)
- species (遷移種

sugar ()
survival curve (生存曲線)
swamp (沼沢地)
synonym (同種異名)

T


taiga
Tarumae, Mount (樽前山)
tautology (循環論法)
taxon (分類群)
taxonomical species (分類学的種)
taxonomy (分類学)
temperature (温度)
tephra (テフラ)
Tokachi, Mount (十勝岳)
toxin (毒素)
Toyoha Mine (豊羽鉱山)
treaty (条約)
tree (木本植物)
trichome (トリコーム)
trophic level (栄養段階)
Tsuyuzaki, Shiro (露崎史朗)
tundra (ツンドラ)
tussock (谷地坊主)
type specimen (基準標本)

U


unit (単位)
UNIX (ユニックス)
urushiol
ultraviolet light, UV (紫外線)

- absorbing compound

umbrella species (アンブレラ種, 傘種)
use-and-disuse theory (用不用説)

Usu, Mount

history of eruptions on -


V


vacuole (液胞)
validation
vascular bundle system (維管束系)
vector data
vegetation, see 'plant community
vegetation index, VI (植生指数)
vegetative reproduction (栄養繁殖)
vein (葉脈)

number of -s (中軸分岐数)

vermin (害虫)

bee/wasp (ハチ)
gnat, gadfly, or blackfly (アブ)
mosquito ()
moth ()
rove beetle (ハネカクシ)
punkie (ヌカカ)
tick (ダニ)

vertical distribution of vegetation with elevation
viroid (ウイロイド)
virus (ウィルス)

- transmission (- 伝搬)

visible light (可視光)
volcanic

- ash (-灰)
- ejecta (-噴出物)
- explosivity index, VEI (-爆発指数)
- succession (-遷移)
- succession research (-遷移研究)

volcanoes (火山)
volcanology (火山学)

W


warming experiment
warmth index (温量指数)
the Washington Convention (ワシントン)
wasabi (ワサビ)
water ()

- analysis (- 分析)
- culture (- 耕法)
- potential (- ポテンシャル)

- stress

water cycle (水循環)
weather (気象)
weathering (風化)
weed (雑草)

- control (-防除)
-s in Japan (日本の-)

weighted average
Western Australia
wetland (湿原)

- research (- 研究)
- wetland type (- 型)

Whittaker, R.H. (ホイッタカー, R.H.)
wild vegetable (山菜)
willow, Salix (ヤナギ)
wind cave (風穴)
winter bud (冬芽)
wood ()
world heritage (世界遺産)

X


xesic succession (乾性遷移)
xylem (木部)

Y


yak (ヤク)
yeast (酵母)
yedoma
Yoshida, Shizuo (吉田静夫)
Yosomi, Mount (四十三山)
Yotei, Mount (羊蹄山)

Z


zonation (ゾーネイション)
フッター