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(First upload on November 27 2013. Last on August 20 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Vegetables in Solanum L.






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Vegetables in Solanaceae

Many vegetables from Solanaceae
Solanum L. (ナス)
S. lycopersicum L. (トマト)
S. melongena L., (ナス)
S. tuberosum L., (ジャガイモ), potato
While,... solanine (C45H73NO15) and other substances that are produced by Solanum are poisonous
Australia (Uluru or Ayers Rock)
S. centrale JM Black (サバクホシブドウ*)
S. chippendalei Symon (ヤブトマト*)
  • Vincent A. 2010. The bush tomato handbook. Desert Knowledge CRC, Alice Springs NT, Australia

Capsicum L. (トウガラシ), peppers
C. annuum L. (トウガラシ)
C. baccatum L. (キイロトウガラシ/アヒ・アマリージョ), ají pepper
C. cardenasii Heiser et P. G. Sm. (ウルピカ)
C. chinense Jacq. (チュウゴクトウガラシ*), not originating from China
C. frutescens L. (キダチトウガラシ, 木立唐辛子), in Andean Cordilleras
C. pubescens Ruiz et Pav. (ロコト)

[wild vegetable (山菜), crop (作物)]

索引

Solanum lycopersicum L.


Tomato (トマト), tomato
トウシ/唐柿, アカナス/赤茄子, バンカ/蕃茄, コガネウリ/小金瓜
Lifeform: perennial forb (treated as an annual forb for agriculture in Japan)
Distribution: the Andes in orig9n, now utilized for crop in the worldwide
Habitat: well-drained, loamy soil
Tolerance: sensitive to frost and coldness
Well-known vegetable → many cultivars (probably more than 8000 cv)
Synonyms:

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (commonly used)

ST1 ST2 ST3
ST4 ST5
[1-4] at Denshinhama Coast, Muroran City, on September 17 2013. The plant established on a sandy beach with coastal plants, suc as Calystegia soldanella. Why were you here?

ST6 ST7
[6/7] at a house garden in the West Ward of Sapporo, on August 14 2016.

Solanum melongena L.


Nasubi (ナス, 茄子), eggplant
Lifeform: annual in temperate regions and perennial in tropical regions
Origin: probably eastern India

→ reported in Heian Era (平安時代) → probably imported in Nara Era

Cultivars: many

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1/2] cv. kurobee (くろべえ) of eggplant (ナス) at Shikabe Branch of Homac Nicot, Hokkaido, on June 15 2015. [3] along a river near Changbai Mountain, northeastern China, on June 12 2017.

Central Australia


ST S. chippendalei Symon (ヤブトマト*), bush tomato
Lifeform: shrub = 0.8-1.5 m tall
Use: dried fruit
Location: at the bottom of Uluru (Ayers Rock), central Australia, on July 17 2004.
ST S. centrale J. M. Black, desert raisin or bush tomate (サバクホシブドウ*)
Lifeform: small clonal undershrub ≈ 30 cm tall
Use: dried fruit
Location: at the bottom of Uluru (Ayers Rock), central Australia, on July 17 2004.


Capsicum annuum L. (トウガラシ)


Origin: Mexico - now cultivated in tropical to temperate regions
Utilized 8000 years ago (probably under semi-natural conditions) in Peru and Mexico
Cultivar groups
Acuminatum group (ソラミトウガラシ)
Cerasiforme group (ホシトウガラシ)
Conoides group (ゴシキトウガラシ)
Fasciculatum group (ヤツブサ)
Grossum group (ピーマン)
Longum group (ナガミトウガラシ)

Grossum group

Pi-i-man (ピーマン/シシトウガラシ), bell pepper
Ama-tougarashi (アマトウガラシ, 甘唐辛子)
Cultivars: many

[1/2] orange-colored cultivar at Shikabe Branch of Homac Nicot, Hokkaido, on June 15 2015
ST1 ST2

Conoides group

Goshikitougarashi (ゴシキトウガラシ, 五色唐辛子)
Flower: green → white, violet → red
Use: spcie and gardening

[1/2] on a small flower garden in front of St. Ignatius Church, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, on October 18 2018.
ST1 ST2
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