(First upload on January 3 2014. Last on December 31 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Celtis sinensis Pers.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

⇒ APG: Cannabaceae (アサ科)

Celtis L. (エノキ) in Japan

About 100 species in the world, mostly in tropical and temperate regions
C. biondii Pamp. (コバノチョウセンエノキ)

var. holophylla (Nakai) E. W. Ma (チュウゴクエノキ)

C. boninensis Koidz. (クワノハエノキ)
C. bungeana Blume (トウエノキ)
C. jessoensis Koidz. (エゾエノキ)

f. angustifolia (Nakai) Hayashi (ナガバエゾエノキ)
f. hashimotoi (Koidz.) Hayashi (カンサイエノキ)

C. koraiensis Nakai (チョウセンエノキ)
C. nervosa Hemsl. (コバノエノキ)
C. occidentalis L. (アメリカエノキ)
C. philippensis Blanco (コウトウエノキ)
C. sinensis Pers. (エノキ)
C. tetrandra Roxb. (タイワンエノキ)

Celtis sinensis in Japan

Enoki (エノキ, 榎, 江戸の一里塚), Chinese hackberry
Lifeform: deciduous tall tree
Distribution: eastern Asia, including Japan except Hokkaido
Habitat: sunny sites
Fruit: red-brown → Seed dispersal: animal (in particular, bird)
Synonyms (discarded):

- var. japonica (Planch.) Nakai, sometimes used
- var. japonica (Planch.) Nakai f. rotundata (Nakai) Nakai
- var. japonica (Planch.) Nakai f. longifolia Uyeki

f. pendula (Miyoshi) Makino (シダレエノキ)



[1-3] at Showa Memorial Park, Tachikawa, Tokyo, on November 11 2013. [4] a specimen collected from the Ikarashi Campus of Niigata University (新潟大学), Honshu, on August 20 1990. The specimen is stored in SAPS. [5] in Oi Pier Seaside Park, Tokyo, on December 26 2015 ⇒ bark (樹皮)