(First upload on July 6 2016. Last on January 29 2019) [ 日本語 | English ]

Vegetables in Allium L. (ネギ属の野菜)

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Vegetables of Allium L. (ネギ)
  • A. cepa L. (タマネギ)
  • A. chinensis G. Don (ラッキョウ)
  • A. fistulosum L. (ネギ)
  • A. porrum L. (セイヨウネギ/ニラネギ/リーキ)
  • A. sativum L. (ニンニク)
  • A. schoenoprasum L. var. schoenoprasum (アサツキ/エゾネギ)
  • A. tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. (ニラ)
Wild vegetable
A. macrostemon Bunge (ノビル)
A. victorialis L. ssp. platyphyllum Hultén (ギョウジャニンニク)

Allium fistulosum L. in Japan

Negi (ネギ, 葱), Welsh onion or Japanese bunching onion
Lifeform: perennial herb, not developing bulbs
Distribution: China → cultivated in the world → escaped

Allium bouddhae Debeaux

Allium fistulosum L. var. bouddhae Prokh.

var. caespitosum Makino (ワケギ)
var. viviparum Makino (ヤグラネギ)

[1] in an unpaved parking lot, N27/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on September 20 2017. [2/3] probably escaped shoots in a small flower garden in front of Tokou Store, N27/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on June 7 2016,

Allium schoenoprasum L. in Hokkaido

Lifeform: perennial herb
var. caespitans Ohwi (カブアサツキ)
var. foliosum Regel (アサツキ, 浅葱)
Morphology: shorter than var. schoenoprasum with bulbs

f. albiflorum Ueno (シロバナアサツキ)

var. idzuense (H. Hara) H. Hara (イズアサツキ)
var. orientale Regel (シロウマアサツキ), rocky alpine and serpentine, stamen ≥ tepal
var. schoenoprasum, the type
エゾネギ (蝦夷葱, chives or Spanish garlic), セイヨウアサツキ)
Morphology: without bulbs
Distribution: Japan (northern Honshu and Hokkaido) - China - Europe
Habitat: sunny, mesic grasslands
Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 24, or 32

- var. bellum Kitam. (ベンテンアサツキ), discarded

var. yezomonticola H. Hara (ヒメエゾネギ), on and around Mount Apoi, smaller number of flowers, tepal = 6-8 mm long

f. leucanthum H. Hara (シロバナヒメエゾネギ)

var. schoenoprasum

[1] at a roadside, N22/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on June 2 2012. [2-4] along a paved road near a facility of Kyushu University Experimental Forest at Ashoro, eastern Hokkaido, on June 5 2014. [5/6] along a paved raod in N23/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on June 5 2018.

Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. in Hokkaido

Nira (ニラ, 韮), garlic chives, or leek
Lifeform: perennial forb
Origin: east Asia including Japan
Habitat: ruderal probably escaped from crop fields

Field training on integrated environmental research (統合環境調査法実習) (fauna and flora 種リスト)

Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 24 or 32
var. latifolium Kitam. (オオニラ)

[1] at a roadside of N30/E3, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 30 2009. [2] along the inner moat of Edo Castle, Tokyo, on October 19 2018. [3] at a roadside near Muroran Marine Station, Muroran City, on September 17 2013. [4/5] along a paved road on N22/E3, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 19 2016. [6] in the parking lot of Hokko Toko Store, East Ward, Sapporo, on October 6 2018.