(First upload on November 15 2016. Last on July 10 2021) [ 日本語 | English ]

Cichorium intybus L.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Cichorium L. (キクニガナ)
Kikunigana (キクニガナ, 菊苦菜), chicory, blue daisy, blue dandelion, blue sailors, and more

Lifeform: perennial forb with 60-150 cm tall when flowering
Distribution: native to Europe and central Asia
Habitat: roadsides, open lands, etc., escaped from gardening
Fruit: achenes without pappus
Use: vegetable

radicchio, sugarloaf, Belgian endive, etc.

Fig. Leaf blade shapes and their midlib colors.

Cichorium intybus in Hokkaido

Arctium1 Arctium2 Arctium3
Arctium4 Arctium5 Arctium6
[1-6] at a small flower garden under a street tree, N11/W4, North Ward, Sapporo. [1-5] on August 5 2016. [6] on June 5 2021. [7] on June 9 2021. Records: at a flower garden in N11/W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on September 30 2020, and July 1 2021.