(First upload on August 5 2015. Last on November 20 2016) [ 日本語 | English ]

Campanula glomerata L.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Campanula L. (ホタルブクロ)
Campanula glomerata L.
= clustered bellflower or Dane's blood
Lifeform: perennial forb, producing rosettes
Distribution: the North Temperate Zone of Eurasia, from Europe to Japan

→ Japan = ssp. speciosa (Hornem. ex Spreng.) Domin

Habitat: dry sites
ssp. glomerata (ハナヤツシロソウ), Europe - NW. China, cultivated in Japan
ssp. cervicarioides (Schult.) Arcang., southern Europe
ssp. serotina (Wettst.) O. Schwarz, southern Alps
ssp. farinosa (Rochel ex Besser) Kirschl., Alps - eastern Europe - Kazakhstan
ssp. elliptica (Kit. ex Schult.) Kirschl., Carpathians - central Italy - Serbia
ssp. subcapitata (Popov) Fed., eastern Carpathians
ssp. hispida (Witasek) Hayek, north Balkan Pen. - Iran
ssp. caucasica (Trautv.) Ogan., northeastern Turkey - Caucasus
ssp. oblongifolia (K. Koch) Fed., eastern Turkey - northeastern Iran
ssp. oblongifolioides (Galushko) Ogan., Caucasus
ssp. symphytifolia (Albov) Ogan., western Transcaucasus
ssp. panjutinii (Kolak.) Victorov, western Transcaucasus
ssp. krylovii Olonova, western Siberia
ssp. daqingshanica D. Y. Hong et Y. Z. Zhao, Inner Mongolia
ssp. speciosa (Hornem. ex Spreng.) Domin (ヤツシロソウ), south Siberia - Japan (only in Kyushu)

Campanula cephalotes Fisch. ex Schrank
Campanula glomerata L. ssp. cephalotes (Fisch. ex Schrank) D. Y. Hong

Campanula glomerata L. var. dahurica Fisch. ex Ker Gawl.
f. alba (Nakai) Nakai ex T. B. Lee (シロバナヤツシロソウ)

Caroline, Freya, Genti White, Superba

Campanula glomerata in Hokkaido

ssp. glomerata. [1/2] at a roadside, N28/E3, East Ward, Sapporo, on June 24 2015. This site is often cleared. [3] at a roadside, N21/W3, North Ward, Sapporo, on June 24 2016. [4-6] in a park, N27/W3, East Ward, Sapporo, on July 9 2016 when a summer festival for kids were held.