(Upload on April 17 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Viola palmata L.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Viola L. (スミレ)
Kuwagatasumire (クワガタミレ, 鍬形菫), wood violet, early blue violet, or three-lobed violet
キレバスミレ, キクバスミレ, ミツデスミレ Lifeform: deciduous perennial forb
Distribution: native to the North America (exotic to Japan)
Habitat: man-made or disturbed habitats, forests, meadows and fields, talus and rocky slopes, and woodlands in the native regions (roadsides escaped from gardening in Japan)
Leaf: highly-variable morphology
Origin: V. × palmata L. (pro sp.) = brittoniana or pedatifida × affinis or sororia (USDA)
Cultivars: white flower, etc.

Viola palmata in Hokkaido

Viola1 Viola2 Viola3
[1-3] on a roadside at N21/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on May 22 2013.