(First upload on October 26 2015. Last on January 31 2023) [ 日本語 | English ]

Linaria purpurea (L.) Mill.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Linaria L. (ウンラン)
Himekingyosou (ヒメキンギョソウ, 姫金魚草), purple toadflax
Yanagi-unran (ヤナギウンラン, 柳海蘭) ⇒ L. maroccana Hook. f.

Sometimes called Murasaki-unran (ムラサキウンラン), especially, for gardening

Lifeform: annual forb - flowering during winter and summer
Distribution: native to the Mediterranean

Japan: introduced in Meiji Era

Habitat: roadsides, etc., basically escaped from gardening
Flower: red-violet (magenta)
Utilization: cultivated as an ornamental plant

Flower: red, pink, yellow, white, etc. → many cultivars


Linaria maroccana Hook. f., when not separated


Linaria purpurea in Japan

Linaria1 Linaria2 Linaria3
Linaria4 Linaria5 Linaria6
[1/2] under a street tree, N13/W3, North Ward, Sapporo, on August 11 2015. [3] in a small flower garden near an apartment in N25/W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on September 21 2022. [4] alogn a street in N28/W2, East Ward, Sapporo, on October 18 2016. [5/6] in a small park (not maintained well) near the Muroran Marine Experimental Station of Hokkaido University on September 12 2016. Records: in a flower garden on Lake Hill Farm, Toya, central Hokkaido, on July 10 2019. Near Date-Monbetsu JR Station, Date City, on September 19 2020.