(Upload on May 14 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Meliosma rigida Siebold et Zucc.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

⇒ Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)

Sabiaceae Blume (アワブキ科)

50-100 species in 1-3 genera
Distribution: mostly in tropical and temperate regions in Asia and Latin America
Sabia Colebr (アオカズラ)
Ophiocaryon R. H. Schomb. ex Endl.,
Meliosma Blume (アワブキ)

Meliosma Blume (アワブキ) in Japan

M. arnottiana (Wight) Walp.

ssp. oldhamii (Maxim.) H. Ohba (フシノハアワブキ)

var. hachijoensis (Nakai) H. Ohba (サクノキ)

M. callicarpifolia Hayata (アリサンアワブキ)
M. myriantha Siebold et Zucc. (アワブキ)

f. leucocarpa Sugim. (シロミアワブキ)

M. rigida Siebold et Zucc. (ヤマビワ)
M. squamulata Hance (ナンバンアワブキ)
M. tenuis Maxim. (ミヤマハハソ)

Meliosma rigida in Japan

Yamabiwa (ヤマビワ, 山枇杷)
Lifeform: evergreen, short tree < 10 m tall
Distribution: China - Taiwan - Japan (south to central Honshu)
Habitat: mountainous, (evergreen) forests
Hair: dense on young shoots, inflorescences, petioles and backsides of leaves
Use: sumi charcoal
Fossil: in Tertiary recorded from Japan

Meliosma simplicifolia (Roxb.) Walp. ssp. rigida (Siebold et Zucc.) Beusekom


[1-3] in the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園), the University of Tokyo, on March 16 2017.