(First upload on December 18 2019. Last on January 25 2024) [ 日本語 | English ]

Verbena species used for gardening

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Some of them have been escaped
Verbena L. (クマツヅラ) for gardening

Verbena bonariensis L. in Hokkaido

Yanagihanagasa (ヤナギハナガサ, 柳花笠), purpletop vervain, clustertop vervain, Argentinian vervain, tall verbena, or pretty verbena
Lifeform: prennial forb, treated as annual for gardening
Distribution: tropical South America
Habitat: road sides, waste lands, etc.
Use: gardening
ssp. bonariensis L.
ssp. conglomerata Briq.

[1-3] along a paved road in N18W5, North Ward, Sapporo, on October 6 2020. [4-6] besides the accomodation for researchers in Kuromatsunai Town, southern Hokkaido, on October 12 2023.

Verbena rigida Spreng. in Hokkaido

Syukkonba-a-bena (シュッコンバーベナ, 宿根バーベナ), slender vervain or tuberous vervain
Lifeform: perennial forb ≈ 60 cm tall
Distribution: Brazil - Argentina

→ cold-intolerant

Leaf: stalkless, toothed
Use: gardening → many cultivars

Verbena venosa Gillies et Hook.
Verbena scaberrima Cham.

[1/2] in a large garden store, Sapporo, on November in November 4 2017.

Verbena × hybrida Voss ex Groenland et Rümpler in Hokkaido

Bijozakura (ビジョザクラ, 美女桜), vervain or (garden) verbena

all-inclusive term for gardening cultivars

Lifeform: perennial forb
Use: groundcover
Hybrid: from G. canadensis, G. phlongiflora, G. peruviana and many others.

Glandularia × hybrida (Voss ex Groenland et Rümpler) G. L. Nesom et Pruski, used when established

ST01 ST02 ST03
ST04 ST05 ST06
ST07 ST08 ST09
ST10 ST11
[1-3] cv Estrella Pink Star under a street tree in N22/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 28 2019. [4-6] in a pot left in front of a house in N26/E2 on May 15 2020. [6-9] within a small flower bed along a pedestrian road beside Fuji Woman's University, Sapporo, on June 6 2022. [10/11] in the Wakaba Park, N16/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on November 17 2022.