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(First upload on December 20 2009. Last on June 10 2022) [ 日本語 | English ]

Citrus tachibana (Makino) Tanaka






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Citrus L. (ミカン)
C. grandis (L.) Osbeck (ザボン)
C. japonica Thunb. (キンカン)
C. natsudaidai Hayata (ナツミカン)
C. nobilis Lour. (クネンボ)
C. tachibana (Makino) Tanaka (タチバナ)
C. pseudogulgul Hort. ex Shirai (シシユズ)
C. unshiu (Swingle) Marcow. (ウンシュウミカン)

Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck transplanted in Japan


Zabon (ザボン, 朱欒), pomelo
Buntan (ブンタン, 文旦), Bontan (ボンタン), Uchimurasaki (ウチムラサキ)
Lifeform: evergreen tree ≈ 5-15 m tall
Distribution: southeastern Asia - southern China - Taiwan

imported to Japan in early Edo Era

Habitat: coasts with rich silt and sand and floodplains, etc.
Fruit: edible (raw or processed)
Use: ornamental - cultivars: many
Synonyms:

C. maxima (Burm.) Merr., often used

索引

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at Sakuya Konohana Kan (咲くやこの花館) located in Osaka, western Japan, on February 6 2022.

Citrus pseudogulgul Hort. ex Shirai transplanted in Hokkaido


Shishiyuzu (シシユズ, 獅子柚子), オニユ(鬼柚子), ジャガタラユ
Lifeform: evergreen shrub with 3-4 m in height
Origin: China (imported to Japan in Nara Era)
Use: gardening, (fruit) bath additive, marmalade, succade, etc.

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at a greenhouse in Yurigahara Park, Sapporo, on January 24 2021.

Citrus japonica Thunb. in Hokkaido


Kinkan (キンカン, 金柑), kumquats or cumquats
Lifeform: evergreen shrub
Origin: China (in the middle stream of Chang Jiang River)
Use: edible, medicine (containing vitamin P) and ornamental
Synonyms:

Fortunella japonica (Thunb.) Swingle

Cultivars:
crassifolia (ネイハキンカン)
hindsii (マメキンカン), syn. Fortunella hindsii (Champ.) Swingle
margarita (ナガキンカン)
obovata (チョウジュキンカン)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] in a pot placed in front of the office of Shibecha Kyoto University Experimental Forest, on June 26 2019.


cv. hindsii (マメキンカン)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at Sakuya Konohana Kan (咲くやこの花館) located in Osaka, western Japan, on February 6 2022.

Citrus tachibana (Makino) Tanaka in Japan


Tachibana (タチバナ, 橘), Tachibana orange
Lifeform: evergreen tree < 4 m high
Distribution: Taiwan - Korea - Japan (Kyushu - central Honshu)
Habitat: mountains near the sea
Flower: white
Fruit: aromatic, yellow or orange
Seed dispersal: animal
Used for the lucky tree (縁起木) of 'perpetual youth and longevity'

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at Rakuju-en Garden, Mishima, on November 18 2009.

Citrus nobilis Lour. in Japan


Kunenbo (クネンボ, 九年母)
Lifeform: evergreen shrub
Distribution: East Asia (imported to Japan)
Synonyms:

Citrus aurantium L. Tangor Group

ST1 ST2
[1/2] in Hama-rikyu Gardens (浜離宮), Tokyo, on November 13 2015.

Citrus unshiu (Swingle) Marcow. transplanted in Hokkaido


Unshu-mikan (ウンシュウミカン, 温州蜜柑), satsuma orange, satsuma mandarin, , unshu mikan, cold hardy mandarin and tangerine
Lifeform: evergreen shrub or short tree
Origin: Nagashima in Kagoshima Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan
Habiat: sunny with mesic soil
Stem: less spines
Flower: early May to early June in the southern parts of Japan
Use: edible fruit (most satsuma oranges cultivated in Japan are this species) - many cultivars

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] at a greenhouse in Yurigahara Park, Sapporo, on January 24 2021.

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