(First upload on February 13 2010. Last on March 27 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Oryza sativa L. (イネ)

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Oryza L. (イネ)
Ine (イネ, 稲 / コメ, 米), rice
Ajia-ine (アジアイネ, 亜細亜稲) Asian rice
Life form: perennial grass (annual for crop)
Distribution: imported to Japan in Jomon era
Habitat: paddy field

wetland (湿原) including paddy field is one of the major sources of methane that is a greenhouse gas

Use: staple diet, sake, rice cake, etc.
Ecotypes (生態型)
var. japonica

Grain: sticky, short
Many cultivars

var. javanica

= tropical-typed japonica
Grain: broad

var. indica

Grain: non-sticky, long


Oryza sativa in Asia

[1] a paddy field near Kita-Yuzawa Spar on August 25 2010. Hokkaido is the northern limit of rice production in Japan. Paddy field is one of the major sources of methane production. [2] at a paddy field for conserving the gene resources of rice at Kagoshima University on March 18 2015. [3] a bunch of rice shoots in a pot, seen at Seoul, the capital city of Korea, on September 12 2012. (and the year of rice.) The boughs that bear most, hang lowest.

Barrels Barrels of Sake Wrapped in Straw (奉献 清酒菰樽)
During the Meiji Era, Emperor Meiji, whose divine soul is enshrined here at Meiji Jingu, led the industrial growth and modernization of Japan by encouraging various industries and supporting technological develoment.
Due to their grace and virtue, Emperor Meiji and his consort, Empress Shoken, the beloved mother of our nation whose soul is also enshrined here, are held in the highest esteem by the Japanese people.
These sake barrels are offered every year to the enshrined deities by members of the Meiji Jingu Zenkoku Shuzo Keiseikai (Meiji Jingu Nationwide Sake Brewers Association) including Kotokai, which as made offerings of sake for generations, as well as other sake brewers around Japan wishing to show their deep respect for the souls of Emperor Meiji and Empress Shoken.
In addition to stating our humble gratitude to all of the brewers who have so graciously donated their sake, we also pray for the continuous prosperity of the sake brewing industry and all the other industries maintaining Japan's traditional culture. At Meiji Jingu Shrine on November 14 2014