(First upload on August 6 2013. Last on September 1 2021) [ 日本語 | English ]

Medicago lupulina L.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Medicago L. (ウマゴヤシ)

Kometsubu-umagoyashi (コメツブツウマゴヤシ, 米粒馬肥), black medic
Lifeform: annual/perennial forb
Distribution: native to Europe and its surrounding regions

exotic to Japan
Hokkaido Blue List: A3

Habitat: baregrounds - grasslands
Leaf:fine, white hair on both the sides
Varieties (controversial)
var. glandulosa Neilr. (ネバリコメツブウマゴヤシ), glandular hair on stem, stalk and fruit (conserved or discarded)
var. lupulina, the type
var. cupanina (Gussone) Boiss (オニコメツブウマゴヤシ), perennial, carpet-like

Trifolium dubium Sibth. (コメツブツメクサ)

Medicago lupulina in Hokkaido

[1] at a promenade to go K-1 Crater created by the 2000 eruptions, taken on July 26 2013. [2] close to the bus stop in front of Teishinkai Hospital, Sapporo, on August 19 2021. [3] in a public park, N21/W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on July 5 2016. [4/5] in an open space on N21/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on May 26 2018. [6] on an unpaved parking lot, N17/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on May 31 2019. Records: on the Nishiyama Craters on July 13 2019. At a roadside near Konan Shrine in Tonden, North Ward, Sapporo, on July 4 2020. In Maeda Forest Park on May 30 2020. Along a paved road in N14/W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on July 7 2021.