(First upload on September 22 2008. Last on September 22 2021) [ 日本語 | English ]

Betula maximowicziana Regel

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Betula L. (カバノキ)
Udai-kamba (ウダイカンバ, 鵜松明樺, often called 'Makaba/マカバ/真樺'), Monarch birch, Maximowicz's birch or Japanese red birch
Lifeform: large, deciduous tree
Distribution: Kuril - northern Japan (north to Chubu District), including Hokkaido
Habitat: pioneer sun tree establishing soon after disturbances
Bark (樹皮)
Seed dispersal: wind by wing

Betula candelae Koidz.


Betula maximowicziana in Hokkaido

Birch1 Birch2 Birch3
[1-3] along Fureai Course in Nopporo Forest Park on July 17 2021.
Mount Usu (flora)

Birch1 Birch2 Birch3
[1/2] There are three Betula species on Mount Usu and Mount Koma.In the crater basin on September 19 2008. [3] in a Miscanthus sinensis grassland on the Nishiyama Craters on July 27 2017. [4] near Yosomi Craters at the foot of Mount Usu on June 27 2021.

Mount Koma (flora)

Birch1 Birch2
[1/2] on the southwestslope of Mount Koma on July 9 2009.