(First upload on January 13 2011. Last on July 24 2023) [ 日本語 | English ]

Liparis makinoana Schlechter

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Liparis Rich. (クモキリソウ)
Suzumushisou (スズムシソウ, 鈴虫草), miniature widelip orchid
Lifeform: perennial forb
Distribution: Eastern Siberia - Korea - Japan
Habitat: (sparse) forest floor (Do not illegally dig up plants)
Chromosome number: 2n = 30
Use: ornamental
Liparis japonica and L. makinoana have been nomenclaturally confused for a long time. Based on a recent DNA sequencing and morphological study, these species appear to be composed of three different entities. Here, we treat the three entities as L. makinoana emend. and two new species, L. suzumushi and L. longiracemosa, with neotypification of L. makinoana. Liparis japonica should be treated as a synonym of Malaxis monophyllos, based on the original description of the former. (Tsutsumi et al. 2019. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B, 45: 107–118)

Liparis makinoana on Mount Usu (flora)

[1-4] in the crater basin. [1] on June 26 2007. The area is now registered as GeoPark. The forest is dominated by a pioneer tree, Populus maximowiczii (ドロノキ) [2/3] on June 27 2012. [4] on July 22 2023. Records: flowering in the crater basin on July 4 2022.