(Upload on April 25 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Crops in Vicia L. (ソラマメ属作物)

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Vicia L. (ソラマメ)

Vicia faba L. (ソラマメ)

Soramame (ソラマメ, 空豆), broad bean or fava bean
Lifeform: annual or biennial forb
Origin: probably in southeastern Asia or northern Africa

introduced to Japan in 8th century

Chromosome number: 2n = 12
Use: medicine (constipation improvement, prevention of atherosclerosis, prevention of diabetes, diuretic promotion, inhibition of cancer, protection of skin and mucous membranes
Observation of chromosome and somatic cell division
Methods: fixation → dye staining → preparation → observation
1-paired sex chromosome + 5 paried normal chromosomes = 12
telocentric dedian chromosome
sub. medium chromosome