(First upload on May 23 2016. Last on January 6 2018) [ 日本語 | English ]

Diospyros kaki Thunb.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Ebenaceae Gürke (カキノキ)

Conserved family name
500-1000 woody species in 2-4 genera, mostly distributed in tropical and subtropical regions

⇒ Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)

Diospyros L. (カキノキ) in Japan

D. cathayensis Steward (タマフリノキ)
D. discolor Willd. (ケガキ)
D. diversilimba Merr. et Chun (カイナンヤマガキ)
D. ebenum J. Koenig (コクタン)
D. egbert-walkeri Kosterm. (ヤエヤマコクタン)
D. eriantha Champ. ex Benth. (ヤワラケガキ)
D. japonica Siebold et Zucc. (リュウキュウマメガキ)

f. pseudolotus Hatus. (ウスゲシナノガキ)

D. kaki Thunb. (カキノキ) D. lotus L. (マメガキ)
D. maritima Blume (リュウキュウガキ)
D. morrisiana Hance (トキワガキ)
D. oldhamii Maxim. (オルドガキ)
D. oleifera Cheng (アブラガキ)
D. rhombifolia Hemsl. (ツクバネガキ)
D. strigosa Hemsl. (アカケガキ)
D. vaccinioides Lindl. (コケモモガキ)
D. virginiana L. (アメリカガキ)

Diospyros kaki in Japan

Kakinoki (カキノキ, 柿), persimmon (kaki)
Lifeform: deciduous tree
Distribution: endemic to East Asia (mostly in China)
Seed: developing hypocotyl
Use: edible (sweet and sour persimmon) → many cultivars > 1,000 cvs

leaf: vitamin supplementation
leaf tea → blood-pressure-lowering effect

var. sylvestris Makino (ヤマガキ), fruit = 3-4 cm in diameter

[1/2] on Fukuura-jima Island in Matsushima Islands, northern Honshu, on March 21 2016 → bark (樹皮). [3-5] in front of a barbershop, N26/W2, East Ward, Sapporo, on October 25 2017.