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Shoot (シュート)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

[plant morphology (植物形態)]

Shoot (シュート)

the part of a vascular plant above the ground, consisting of stem and leaves (Hale & Margham 1991) ↔ root

shoot
Fig. parts of shoot. 1: apical bud, 2: node, 3: leaf, 4: inter-node, 5: axillary bud, 6; stem

Shoot
A: shoot with long internodes and well developed nodes. B: long shoot and dwarf shoots of Larix. C: ramification of shoot: dichotomic, overtopping, monopodial, sympodial (from left to right).
索引
spur shoot
Spur shoot on Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi) shoot

Embryo and seedling (胚と芽生)


Typical empbyo that contains hypochotyl: Diospyros kaki

cotyledon
D. kaki
Thunb.

Stem ()


Node (節): holding buds
Internode (節間): between nodes

stem
stem

Climbing plant (つる植物)

Vine
herbaceous, relatively thin-stemmed climber (s.s.)
Liana (liane)
woody climber
twiner: twining by the stems Ex. Pueraria lobata
climber

tendril climber: tendril or hook Ex. Galium spurium
root climber: aerial root Ex. Schizophragma hydrangeoides

leaner: only leaning against the object Ex. Rosa multiflora

Bud ()


A small lateral or terminal protuberance on the stem of a plant that may develop into a flower, leaf, or shoot

Winter bud (冬芽)


A dormant plant bud enclosed in a protective covering which enables it to survive during the winter ⊂ dormant bud

Application to tree taxonomy (冬芽による樹木分類)

(a) Attached part (つき方), (b) morphology, (c) leaf scar (葉痕)

(a) Attached part of winter bud
(b) Morphology of winter buds (冬芽形態)
winter bud
Winter buds of major species in Hokkaido (北海道主要樹種の冬芽). Sizes, uneven (サイズ不同) (斎藤 2009)
1; Salix cardiophylla Trautv. et C. A. Mey. var. urbaniana (Seemen) Kudo) オオバヤナギ, 2: Salix schwerinii E. L. Wolf エゾノキヌヤナギ, 3: Syringa reticulata (Bl.) H. Hara ハシドイ, 4: Cornus controversa Hemsl. ex Prain ミズキ, 5: Tilia japonica (Miq.) Simonkai シナノキ, 6: Liriodendron tulipifera L. ユリノキ, 7: Fraxinus lanuginosa Koidz. f. serrata (Nakai) Murata) アオダモ, 8: Euonymus sieboldianus Bl. マユミ, 9: Hydrangea petiolaris Sieb. et Zucc. ツルアジサイ, 10: Euonymus oxyphyllus Miq. ツリバナ, 11: Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. キリ, 12: Viburnum opulus L. var. calvescens (Rehder) Hara カンボク, 13: Sambucus racemosa L. ssp. kamtschatica (E. L. Wolf) Hultén エゾニワトコ, 14: Lindera umbellata Thunb. var. membranacea (Maxim.) Momiy. ex H. Hara et M. Mizush. オオバクロモジ, 15: Magnolia denudata Desr. ハクモクレン, 16: Alnus hirsuta Turcz. ケヤマハンノキ, 17: Betula maximowicziana Regel ウダイカンバ, 18: Acer japonicum Thunb. ハウチワカエデ, 19: Sorbus commixta Hedl. ナナカマド, 20: Carpinus cordata Bl. サワシバ, 21: Vitis coignetiae Pulliat. ヤマブドウ, 22: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. ツルウメモドキ, 23: Aesculus turbinata Bl. トチノキ

leaf scar
Ailanthus altissima

Leaf scar or leaf trace (葉痕)
the mark left by a leaf after defoliation from the twig or branch
winter bud
wb: winter bud, st: stiple trace, vbt: vascular bundle trace, lt: leaf trace. 1: circular, 2: cordate, 3: reniform, 4: flat-circular, 5: half-round, 6: linear, 7: crescent, 8: V-shaped, 9: U-shaped, 10: Y-shaped, 11: oblong, 12: pentagonal, 13: triangular, 14: reverse-pine-shaped (tentative translation), 15: T-shaped, 16: O-shaped (horse-shoe), 17: cocoon-shaped
winter bud
Leaf traces on major trees in Hokkaido. Sizes, not adjusted. (主な樹種の葉痕, サイズ不同) (Saito 2009)
1. Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem. (タラノキ), 2. Acanthopanax sciadophylloides Franch. et Sav. (コシアブラ), 3. Kalopanax pictus (Thunb.) Nakai (ハリギリ), 4. Acer mono Maxim. (イタヤカエデ), 5. Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. et Zucc. (ノリウツギ), 6. Sorbus commixta Hedl. (ナナカマド), 7. Alangium platanifolium (Sieb. et Zucc.) Harms var. trilobatum (Miq.) Ohwi (ウリノキ), 8. Phellodendron amurense Rupr. (キハダ), 9. Styrax obassia Sieb. et Zucc. (ハクウンボク), 10. Rhus javanica L. var. roxburghii (DC.) Rehd. et Wils. (ヌルデ), 11. Viburnum opulus L. var. calvescens (Rehder) Hara (カンボク), 12. Salix cardiophylla Trautv. et C. A. Mey. var. urbaniana (Seemen) Kudo (オオバヤナギ), 13. Populus maximowiczii A. Henry (ドロノキ), 14. Hydrangea petiolaris Sieb. et Zucc. (ツルアジサイ), 15. Schizophragma hydrangeoides Sieb. et Zucc. (イワガラミ), 16. Cercidiphyllum japonicum Sieb. et Zucc. ex Hoffm. et Schult. (カツラ), 17. Pterocarya rhoifolia Sieb. et Zucc. (サワグルミ), 18. Juglans mandshurica Maxim. var. sieboldiana (Maxim.) Makino (オニグルミ), 19. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill. (チョウセンゴミシ), 20. Ulmus davidiana Planch. var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai (ハルニレ), 21. Acer japonicum Thunb. (ハウチワカエデ), 22. Carpinus cordata Bl. (サワシバ), 23. Betula maximowicziana Regel (ウダイカンバ), 24. Alnus hirsuta Turcz. (ケヤマハンノキ), 25. Euonymus sieboldianus Bl. (マユミ), 26. Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. (ツルウメモドキ), 27. Actinidia arguta (Sieb. et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq. (コクワ), 28. Morus bombycis Koidz. (ヤマグワ), 29. Syringa reticulata (Bl.) H. Hara (ハシドイ), 30. Fraxinus mandshurica Rupr. (ヤチダモ), 31. Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. (キリ), 32. Sambucus racemosa L. ssp. kamtschatica (E. L. Wolf) Hultén (エゾニワトコ), 33. Aesculus turbinata Bl. (トチノキ), 34. Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn. (ニガキ), 35. Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle (シンジュ), 36. Rhus trichocarpa Miq. (ヤマウルシ), 37. Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Sieb. et Zucc.) Planch. (ツタ), 38. Tilia japonica (Miq.) Simonkai (シナノキ), 39. Magnolia obovata Thunb. (ホオノキ), 40. Quercus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb. var. grosseserrata Rehd. Wils. (ミズナラ), 41. Maackia amurensis Rupr. et Maxim. (イヌエンジュ), 42. Staphylea bumalda DC. (ミツバウツギ)

Phyllotaxy or phyllotaxis (葉序)


1) verticil (輪生葉序)
= verticillate phyllotaxis (whorled phyllotaxis)
2) alternate phyllotaxis (互生葉序)
3) specific phyllotaxis (特殊型)
Foliage (葉群): a mass noun that refers to leaves as a feature of plants.

Plant leaves, especially tree leaves, considered as a group
A cluster of leaves

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