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Shoot (シュート)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

[plant morphology (植物形態)]

Shoot (シュート)

the part of a vascular plant above the ground, consisting of stem and leaves (Hale & Margham 1991) ↔ root

shoot
Fig. parts of shoot. 1: apical bud, 2: node, 3: leaf, 4: inter-node, 5: axillary bud, 6; stem

Shoot
A: shoot with long internodes and well developed nodes. B: long shoot and dwarf shoots of Larix. C: ramification of shoot: dichotomic, overtopping, monopodial, sympodial (from left to right).
索引
spur shoot
Spur shoot on Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi) shoot

Embryo and seedling (胚と芽生)


Typical empbyo that contains hypochotyl

cotyledon
Diospyros kaki
Thunb.

Stem ()


Node (節): holding buds
Internode (節間): between nodes

stem
stem

Climbing plant (つる植物)

Vine
herbaceous, relatively thin-stemmed climber (s.s.)
Liana (liane)
woody climber
twiner: twining by the stems Ex. Pueraria lobata
climber

tendril climber: tendril or hook Ex. Galium spurium
root climber: aerial root Ex. Schizophragma hydrangeoides

leaner: only leaning against the object Ex. Rosa multiflora

Bud ()


A small lateral or terminal protuberance on the stem of a plant that may develop into a flower, leaf, or shoot

Winter bud (冬芽)


A dormant plant bud enclosed in a protective covering which enables it to survive during the winter ⊂ dormant bud

Application to tree taxonomy (冬芽による樹木分類)

(a) Attached part (つき方)
(b) morphology
(c) leaf scar (葉痕)
(a) Attached part of winter bud
(b) Morphology of winter buds (冬芽形態)
winter bud
Winter buds of major species in Hokkaido (北海道主要樹種の冬芽). Sizes are uneven (サイズ不同) (斎藤 2009)
1; Salix cardiophylla Trautv. et C. A. Mey. var. urbaniana (Seemen) Kudo) オオバヤナギ, 2: Salix schwerinii E. L. Wolf エゾノキヌヤナギ, 3: Syringa reticulata (Bl.) H. Hara ハシドイ, 4: Cornus controversa Hemsl. ex Prain ミズキ, 5: Tilia japonica (Miq.) Simonkai シナノキ, 6: Liriodendron tulipifera L. ユリノキ, 7: Fraxinus lanuginosa Koidz. f. serrata (Nakai) Murata) アオダモ, 8: Euonymus sieboldianus Bl. マユミ, 9: Hydrangea petiolaris Sieb. et Zucc. ツルアジサイ, 10: Euonymus oxyphyllus Miq. ツリバナ, 11: Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud. キリ, 12: Viburnum opulus L. var. calvescens (Rehder) Hara カンボク, 13: Sambucus racemosa L. ssp. kamtschatica (E. L. Wolf) Hultén エゾニワトコ, 14: Lindera umbellata Thunb. var. membranacea (Maxim.) Momiy. ex H. Hara et M. Mizush. オオバクロモジ, 15: Magnolia denudata Desr. ハクモクレン, 16: Alnus hirsuta Turcz. ケヤマハンノキ, 17: Betula maximowicziana Regel ウダイカンバ, 18: Acer japonicum Thunb. ハウチワカエデ, 19: Sorbus commixta Hedl. ナナカマド, 20: Carpinus cordata Bl. サワシバ, 21: Vitis coignetiae Pulliat. ヤマブドウ, 22: Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb. ツルウメモドキ, 23: Aesculus turbinata Bl. トチノキ

leaf scar
Ailanthus altissima

Leaf scar or leaf trace (葉痕)
the mark left by a leaf after defoliation from the twig or branch
winter bud
wb: winter bud, st: stiple trace, vbt: vascular bundle trace, lt: leaf trace. 1: circular, 2: cordate, 3: reniform, 4: flat-circular, 5: half-round, 6: linear, 7: crescent, 8: V-shaped, 9: U-shaped, 10: Y-shaped, 11: oblong, 12: pentagonal, 13: triangular, 14: reverse-pine-shaped (tentative translation), 15: T-shaped, 16: O-shaped (horse-shoe), 17: cocoon-shaped
winter bud
Leaf traces on major trees in Hokkaido (sizes are not adjusted) (Saito 2009)
1. Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem., 2. Acanthopanax sciadophylloides Franch. et Sav., 3. Kalopanax pictus (Thunb.) Nakai, 4. Acer mono Maxim., 5. Hydrangea paniculata Sieb. et Zucc., 6. Sorbus commixta Hedl., 7. Alangium platanifolium (Sieb. et Zucc.) Harms var. trilobatum (Miq.) Ohwi, 8. Phellodendron amurense Rupr., 9. Styrax obassia Sieb. et Zucc., 10. Rhus javanica L. var. roxburghii (DC.) Rehd. et Wils., 11. Viburnum opulus L. var. calvescens (Rehder) Hara, 12. Salix cardiophylla Trautv. et C. A. Mey. var. urbaniana (Seemen) Kudo, 13. Populus maximowiczii A. Henry, 14. Hydrangea petiolaris Sieb. et Zucc., 15. Schizophragma hydrangeoides Sieb. et Zucc., 16. Cercidiphyllum japonicum Sieb. et Zucc. ex Hoffm. et Schult., 17. Pterocarya rhoifolia Sieb. et Zucc., 18. Juglans mandshurica Maxim. var. sieboldiana (Maxim.) Makino, 19. Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill., 20. Ulmus davidiana Planch. var. japonica (Rehder) Nakai, 21. Acer japonicum Thunb., 22. Carpinus cordata Bl., 23. Betula maximowicziana Regel, 24. Alnus hirsuta Turcz., 25. Euonymus sieboldianus Bl., 26. Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb., 27. Actinidia arguta (Sieb. et Zucc.) Planch. ex Miq., 28. Morus bombycis Koidz., 29. Syringa reticulata (Bl.) H. Hara, 30. Fraxinus mandshurica Rupr., 31. Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Steud., 32. Sambucus racemosa L. ssp. kamtschatica (E. L. Wolf) Hultén, 33. Aesculus turbinata Bl., 34. Picrasma quassioides (D. Don) Benn., 35. Ailanthus altissima (Miller) Swingle, 36. Rhus trichocarpa Miq., 37. Parthenocissus tricuspidata (Sieb. et Zucc.) Planch., 38. Tilia japonica (Miq.) Simonkai, 39. Magnolia obovata Thunb., 40. Quercus mongolica Fisch. ex Ledeb. var. grosseserrata Rehd. Wils., 41. Maackia amurensis Rupr. et Maxim., 42. Staphylea bumalda DC.

Phyllotaxy or phyllotaxis (葉序)


1) verticil (輪生葉序)
= verticillate phyllotaxis (whorled phyllotaxis)
2) alternate phyllotaxis (互生葉序)
3) specific phyllotaxis (特殊型)
Foliage (葉群): a mass noun that refers to leaves as a feature of plants.

Plant leaves, especially tree leaves, considered as a group
A cluster of leaves

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