(First upload on September 12 2018. Last on July 5 2023) [ 日本語 | English ]

Malus toringo (Siebold) Siebold ex de Vriese

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Malus Tourn. ex L. (リンゴ)
Zumi (ズミ, 酸実/桷), Toringo crabapple, Siebold crab or Siebold crabapple
Lifeform: deciduous, short tree ≈ 10 m in height
Distribution: Korea - Japan
Habitat: mesic and sunny sites
Leaf: dimorphic
Branch: developing spines
Bark (樹皮)
Use: staining, furniture

Malus toringo (Siebold) Siebold ex de Vriese var. sargentii (Rehder) C. K. Schneid.
Malus sieboldii (Regel) Rehder, formerly used
Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. ssp. toringo (Siebold) Koidz.

var. zumi (Matsum.) H. Hara (オオズミ)

Malus toringo in Hokkaido

Apple1 Apple2 Apple3
Apple4 Apple5
[1-3] near the summit station of Usu-zan Ropeway on August 18 2018. [4] in front of Co-op Central Restaurant, HU, on October 29 2020. [5] near the office building of ToEF on June 27 2023.