(First upload on August 2 2008. Last on September 11 2022) [ 日本語 | English ]

Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. var. mandshurica (Maxim.) C. K. Schneid.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Malus Tourn. ex L. (リンゴ)
M. baccata (L.) Borkh. (エゾノコリンゴ, s.l.)
Chromosome number: 2n = 34
var. baccata (シベリアリンゴ), the type
var. gracilis (Rehder) T. C. Ku, when established (if not, merged into var. baccata
Distribution: Gansu (甘粛) and Shaanxi (陝西) in China
var. mandshurica (Maxim.) C. K. Schneid.
Ezonokoringo (エゾノコリンゴ, 蝦夷ノ小林檎), Manchurian apple
Manshu-zumi (マンシュウズミ, 満州酸実)
Lifeform: deciduous tree
Distribution: northern Japan (north to central Honshu) - Sakhalin - Korea - Ussuri - Eastern China
Habitat: sunny woodland
Use: garden tree

Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. var. nikkoensis Asami
Malus sachalinensis Juz.
Malus mandshurica (Maxim.) Kom. ex Skvortsov, often used in northeastern China

Cultivated apple
Malus pumila Mill. (セイヨウリンゴ)

Malus baccata in Asia

var. mandshurica

Apple1 Apple2 Apple3
Apple4 Apple5 Apple6
Apple7 Apple8 ST3
[1/2] at a forest edge near Utonai Lake on June 11, 2008. [3] in the former sport ground of an elementary school in the city of Muroran on September 14 2015. The school was closed in the last year. [4/5] in front of the HU Central Coop Restaurant on September 2 2017. [6] a bark (樹皮) in the Arboretum of Shibecha Kyoto University Experimental Forest, on June 27 2019. [7/8] beside a main street along Sosei River, N16/W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on May 19 2020. [9] at the summit of Mount Koma (駒ケ岳, flora), southern Hokkaido, on June 20 2022.

var. baccata

Apple1 Apple2 Apple3
[1-3] along Nan hu (南湖) in Changchun City, Jilin Prvince, northeastern China, on June 8 2017.