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(First upload on June 20 2011. Last on June 9 2021) [ 日本語 | English ]

Prunus cv. (サクラ品種)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Cultivated cherries (Prunus cv.)


Prunus L. (サクラ)
Prunus (Cerasus) campanulata group
atamihayazaki アタミハヤザキ (熱海早咲)
izudtaga-aka イズタガアカ (伊豆多賀赤)
ookanzakura オオカンザクラ (大寒桜)
okamezakura オカメザクラ (阿亀桜)
kawazuzakura カワヅザクラ (河津桜)
kanzakura カンザクラ (寒桜)
kanhizakura カンヒザクラ (寒緋桜)
keiouzakura ケイオウザクラ (啓翁桜)
syuzenjikanzakura シュゼンジカンザクラ (修善寺寒桜)
tairyouzakura タイリョウザクラ (大漁桜)
tubakikanzakura ツバキカンザクラ (椿寒桜)
hatsumiyozakura ハツミヨザクラ (初御代桜)
myousyouji ミョウショウジ (明正寺)
yoko (youkou) ヨウコウ (陽光)
yokohamahizakura ヨコハマヒザクラ (横浜緋桜)
rissyunkanzakura リッシュンカンザクラ (立春寒桜)
ryukyukanhizakura リュウキュウカンヒザクラ (琉球寒緋桜・琉球緋桜)
Cherry fruits
P. avium (L.) L. (セイヨウミザクラ), wild cherry
P. cerasus L. (スミノミザクラ), sour cherry
P. pseudocerasus Lindl. (カラミザクラ, 中国桜桃), Chinese sour cherry
→ many cultivars made by these three species
索引

Prunus lannesiana Group


P. lannesiana (Carriere) E. H.
Satozakura (サトザクラ, 里桜), oriental cherry

all-inclusive term of cherry cultivars (more than 200 cv)

Lifeform: deciduous short tree
Origin: between China and Japan
Utilization: wood, gardening, etc.
Synonyms:

Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) G. Don (the standard)
Cerasus lannesiana Carriere

Cerasus serrulata (Lindl.) G. Don var. lannesiana (Carriere) T. T. Yu et C. L. Li

var. speciosa (Koidz.) Makino (オオシマザクラ, 大島桜), O-shima cherry

Used for producing the cultivars

More than 200 cultivars (品種)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1] unknown cv. in front of the Hokkaido University Warship Hall on May 14 2015. [2/3] along Hirose River close to Sendai International Center, northern Honshu, on March 23 2016.
ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] cv. gyoikou (御衣黄) in Kyu-Shiba-rikyu Gardens, Tokyo, on May 29 2015. The flower is medium-sized and pale yellow-green, consisting of ≈ 10 petals with the green center and green striation becoming red later

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] cv. hisakura (一葉) in Hama-rikyu Gardens, Tokyo, on November 13 2015.

ST1 ST2 ST3
cv. kawazuzakura, putative hybrid between P. speciosa (Koidz.) Nakai and P. campanulata Maxim., single flower, early blossom, pale pink. [1] in the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園), the University of Tokyo, on March 16 2017. [2/3] in the salicetums of Botanic Gardens, Tohoku University, Natural Monument Aobayama, northern Honshu, on March 22 2016. [Data] Ogawa Masayuki (Teacher of Shibata Agricultural and Forestry School). Graft in March 2003. Moved on March 20 2005. Transplanted on March 21 2005.

Prunus pendula Group


P. pendula Maxim.
Shidarezakura (シダレザクラ, 枝垂桜)
var. koshiensis (Koidz.) Ohwi (コシノヒガンザクラ)
Synonyms:

Cerasus spachiana Lavalee ex H. Otto var. koshiensis (Koidz.) H. Ohba
Prunus koshiensis Koidz.
Prunus spachiana (Lavalee ex H. Otto) Kitam. var. koshiensis (Koidz.) Kitam.

Prunus subhirtella Miq. var. koshiensis (Koidz.) Ohwi

f. pendula (イトザクラ)
f. ascendens (Makino) Ohwi
Edohigan (エドヒガン, 江戸彼岸)
Lifeform: deciduous tall tree Distribution: China - Korea - Taiwan - Japan (south to Honshu)
Synonyms:

Cerasus spachiana Lavalee ex H. Otto var. spachiana (s.s.)

Cerasus spachiana Lavalee ex H. Otto var. spachiana f. ascendens (Makino) H. Ohba
Prunus subhirtella Miq. var. pendula (Maxim.) Tanaka f. ascendens (Makino) Ohwi
Prunus spachiana (Lavalee ex H. Otto) Kitam. f. ascendens (Makino) Kitam.
Prunus subhirtella Miq. var. ascendens (Makino) E. H. Wilson

cv. plena rosea (ヤエベニシダレ)

P. × yedoensis Matsum. cv. Someiyoshino

cv. plena rosea

Yaebenishidare, (ヤエベニシダレ, 八重紅枝垂, 遠藤桜, 仙台八重枝垂, 仙台小桜, 平安紅枝垂)
Lifeform: short tree ≈ 5 m tall
ST1 ST2 ST3
[1] in front of the Information Initiative Center of Hokkaido University on April 4 2021. [2/3] transplanted in front of the Hokkaido University Warship Hall on May 14 2015.

Shushiki

Chushiki Cherry Tree (秋色桜)

Ueno was very famous as a place of cherry blossom from the beginning of the Edo era. There were many species of cherry trees and some trees had even their own names; a typical one of them is the Shushiki Cherry Tree.
In the Genroku period, a daughter named Oaki of a sweet shop in Koamicho, Nihonbashi wrote a Haiku poem, “Cherry blossom near a well is danger by drunken fellows.” This expresses a scene of crowded cherry blossom viewers near a well. She was only 13 years old at that time, but had a pen name of Shushiki. Therefore, this cherry tree near the well was called “The Shushiki Cherry Tree.”


P. × sakabae Makino

Sendaihigan (センダイヨシノ, 仙台吉野)
= (P. × yedoensis Matsum. cv. Someiyoshino) × (P. pendula Maxim. cv. plena rosea)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] ] in Botanic Gardens, Tohoku University, Natural Monument Aobayama, northern Honshu, on March 23 2016.

Prunus cv. in Japan


Yoko (陽光)

Prunus cv. Yoko → P. yedoensis Matsumura cv. Amagi-yoshino × P. campanulata Maxim.

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] transplanted in 2002 to Nagai Botanical Garden, Osaka, on May 21 2011.

Cherries cultivated on a farm in Toya-Shikotsu Geopark (ジオパーク)

ST1 ST2 ST3 ST4
ST5 ST6 ST7 ST8
[1-3] at a cherry farm cooperating with GeoPark, Sobetsu Twon, on July 25 2013. odd-even pairs are the same cultivars showing fruits (odd) and leaves (even), e.g., 1 and 2.

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