(First upload on March 14 2014. Last on February 9 2023) [ 日本語 | English ]

Prunus mume (Siebold) Siebold et Zucc.

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Prunus L. (サクラ)
Ume (ウメ, 梅)
Life form: deciduous tree
Distribution: originated from central China (immigrated to Japan before Nara Era), naturalized in Kyushu District
Leaf: sharp top
Fruit: poisonous → amygdalin or laetrile (C20H27NO11)
Utilzation: one of the favorable gardening trees for Japanese → pickled Japanese apricot, medicine, etc.

tree for enjoying fruits (実梅)
tree for enjoying flowers (花梅)


Armeniaca mume (Siebold et Zucc.) de Vriese

var. bungo Makino (ブンゴウメ)
+ more than 300 cultivars

Plum wine (plum brandy, 梅酒)

Traditionally used for keeping health

Prunus mume in Japan

[1] at a park near the Tsukuba Station of Tsukuba Express, Ibaragi Prefecture, Kanto District, on March 7 2014. [2] in the Tokyo Garden Terrace Kioicho (biotope, corridor) on November 24 2017. [3-5] along Hirose River, Sendai City, northern Japan, on March 23 2016.


var. bungo

ST 1 ST 2 ST 3
[1-3] at a hosue garden, N28/E2, East Ward, Sapporo. [1] on August 6 2017. [2] on July 22 2015. [3] on May 2 2018.

ST 1 ST 2 ST 3 ST 4
ST 5 ST 6 ST 7 ST 8

ST 9 ST10 ST11 ST12

Generic name of Japanese apricots that produce droopy branches → about 60 cultivars, such as Mangetsu (満月), Tsukasa (司) and Shirataki (白滝). Dropped branches [1/2] cv. pendula (Shidare-ume, シダレウメ, 枝垂梅). [1] in the garden of To-ji Temple, Kyoto, on September 18 2022. [2] at a rooftop garden, Kanda Shrine (神田明神), Tokyo, on May 30 2014. [3/4] cv toyadenotakashidare (トヤデノタカシダレ, 塒出の鷹枝垂). [5/6] cv fujibotanshidare (フジボタンシダレ, 藤牡丹枝垂). Straight forms [7/8] cv. yokihi (ヨウキヒ, 楊貴妃). [9] cv. gekkyuden (ゲッキュウデン, 月宮殿). [3-9] in the Koishikawa Botanical Garden (小石川植物園), the University of Tokyo, on March 16 2017. [10] cv yaekanko (八重寒紅) in front of a building in N14/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on April 29 2019. [11] hitoeryokugaku (ヒトエリョクガク, 一重緑萼). [12] yaeyabai (ヤエヤバイ, 八重野梅) [11/12] in the plum-grove park of the Osaka Castle Park (大阪城公園) on February 5 2022.