(First upload on April 11 2004. Last on August 6 2022) [ 日本語 | English ]

Linaria japonica Miquel

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Linaria Mill. (ウンラン)
Unran (ウンラン, 海蘭), Japanese toadflax* (* tentative)
The meaning of Japanese is 'sea orchid'
Lifeform: perennial forb
Distribution: China - Korea - Sakhalin - Japan (except Kyushu) - Kuril
Habitat: sandy seacoast (海浜)

List for seed plants on Mount Koma, Hokkaido, in 2000 北海道渡島駒ケ岳における2000年種子植物リスト
Field training for life environments(生命環境野外実習)

Chromosome number: 2n = 12

Linaria japonica in Hokkaido

Linaria1 Linaria2 Linaria3
Linaria4 Linaria5 Linaria6
Linaria7 Linaria8
[1] near the Ginnuma Crater of Mount Usu on September 19 2020. This species is considered basically to be a coastal plant. ⇒ Flora on Mount Usu. [2] at Higashi-Kunebetsu seacoast (東久根別海岸), southern Hokkaido, on September 22 2010. [3] established on tephra (pumice) that was produced by the 1929 eruption of Mount Koma at Sunasaki Coast (砂崎海岸) close to Mount Koma on July 22 2011. [4/5] at Sunasaki Coast on August 29 2016. [6] along Atsuma Coast (浜厚真), central Hokkaido, on June 16 2020. Records: Near a parking lot faced to Narawara in Notsuke Peninsula, eastern Hokkaido, on August 28 2020. Along Zenibako Coast (銭函海岸), Otaru City, where a wind farm have been established, on Sepbember 16 2020. [7/8] along Atsuma Coast (浜厚真), central Hokkaido, on August 5 2022. Records: near a crater created by the 2000 eruptions of Mount Usu (有珠山) on October 16 2002.