(First upload on November 27 2013. Last on November 30 2021) [ 日本語 | English ]

Crops in Solanaceae (ナス科の作物)

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Many vegetables from Solanaceae
Solanum L. (ナス)
S. lycopersicum L. (トマト)
S. melongena L. (ナス)
S. tuberosum L. (ジャガイモ)
While,... solanine (C45H73NO15) and other substances that are produced by Solanum are poisonous
Australia (Uluru or Ayers Rock)
S. centrale JM Black (サバクホシブドウ*)
S. chippendalei Symon (ヤブトマト*)
  • Vincent A. 2010. The bush tomato handbook. Desert Knowledge CRC, Alice Springs NT, Australia

Capsicum L. (トウガラシ), peppers
C. annuum L. (トウガラシ)
C. baccatum L. (キイロトウガラシ/アヒ・アマリージョ), ají pepper
C. cardenasii Heiser et P. G. Sm. (ウルピカ)
C. chinense Jacq. (チュウゴクトウガラシ*), not originating from China
C. frutescens L. (キダチトウガラシ, 木立唐辛子), in Andean Cordilleras
C. pubescens Ruiz et Pav. (ロコト)

[wild vegetable, crop]


Solanum L. (ナス)

Solanum lycopersicum L.

Tomato (トマト), tomato
トウシ/唐柿, アカナス/赤茄子, バンカ/蕃茄, コガネウリ/小金瓜
Lifeform: perennial forb (treated as an annual forb for agriculture in Japan)
Distribution: the Andes in orig9n, now utilized for crop in the worldwide
Habitat: well-drained, loamy soil
Tolerance: sensitive to frost and coldness
Well-known vegetable → many cultivars (probably more than 8000 cv)

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., nom. cons. (formerly used)

var. cerasiforme (Dunal) Fosberg (マメトマト), smal fruits ≈ 2-3 cm in diameter

[1-5] at Denshinhama Coast, Muroran City, on September 17 2013. The plant established on a sandy beach with coastal plants, suc as Calystegia soldanella. Why were you here? [6] under a street tree in N21/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 28 2019.

var. cerasiforme (マメトマト/ミニトマト)

[1/2] at a house garden in the West Ward of Sapporo, on August 14 2016. [3] beside a building in N24/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on September 13 2021.

Solanum melongena L. (ナス)

Nasubi (ナス, 茄子), eggplant
Lifeform: annual in temperate regions and perennial in tropical regions
Origin: probably eastern India

→ reported in Heian Era (平安時代) → probably imported in Nara Era

Cultivars: many

[1/2] cv. kurobee (くろべえ) of eggplant (ナス) at Shikabe Branch of Homac Nicot, Hokkaido, on June 15 2015. [3] along a river near Changbai Mountain, northeastern China, on June 12 2017.

Solanum tuberosum L. (ジャガイモ)

Jagaimo (ジャガイモ, 馬鈴薯), potato
Bareisyo (バレイショ, 馬鈴薯)
Lifeform: perennial forb
Origin: Andes (lakeside of Lago Titicaca)

probably introduced to Japan in 1598

Use: crop (rhizome = potato)

[1-4] at the backyard of vocational college in N24/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on June 16 and 17 2018. [4] on August 29 2019. [5] in an openland beside a house in Hachiken, East Ward, Sapporo, on July 4 2020. [6] in Shojin River Streamside Park along a trail near Shojin Falls, Sapporo, on September 18 2021.

Central Australia

ST S. chippendalei Symon (ヤブトマト*), bush tomato
Lifeform: shrub = 0.8-1.5 m tall
Use: dried fruit
Location: at the bottom of Uluru (Ayers Rock), central Australia, on July 17 2004.
ST S. centrale J. M. Black, desert raisin or bush tomate (サバクホシブドウ*)
Lifeform: small clonal undershrub ≈ 30 cm tall
Use: dried fruit
Location: at the bottom of Uluru (Ayers Rock), central Australia, on July 17 2004.

Capsicum L. (トウガラシ)

Capsicum annuum L. (トウガラシ)

Origin: Mexico - now cultivated in tropical to temperate regions
Utilized 8000 years ago (probably under semi-natural conditions) in Peru and Mexico
Cultivar groups
Acuminatum group (ソラミトウガラシ)
Cerasiforme group (ホシトウガラシ)
Conoides group (ゴシキトウガラシ)
= var. conoides (Mill.) Irish
Fasciculatum group (ヤツブサ)
Grossum group (ピーマン)
Longum group (ナガミトウガラシ)

Longum group

Called bansyou (バンショウ, 蕃椒) as medicine
Mecial part: fruit ⇒ compounds: capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin, capsaithin, β-carotene, capsicoside, etc.

[1/2] in the experimental station of medicinal plant studies, Hokkaido University, on July 18 2019.

Grossum group

Taste: not bitter and not hot
Pi-i-man (ピーマン/シシトウガラシ), bell pepper
Ama-tougarashi (アマトウガラシ, 甘唐辛子), including Papurika (パプリカ)
Cultivars: many

[1/2] orange-colored cultivar at Shikabe Branch of Homac Nicot, Hokkaido, on June 15 2015

Conoides group

Goshikitougarashi (ゴシキトウガラシ, 五色唐辛子), ornamental (cherry) pepper
Hanatougarashi (ハナトウガラシ) Flower: green → white, violet → red
Use: spcie and gardening

[1/2] on a small flower garden in front of St. Ignatius Church, Chiyoda Ward, Tokyo, on October 18 2018.
cv. black pearl
Leaf: green → deep violet (≈ black)
Fruit: black → red

[1/2] in a pot in front of Nakajima Pharmacy, N14/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on August 9 2021.

Nicotiana L. (タバコ), tobacco

N. alata Link et Otto (シュッコンタバコ)
N. glauca Graham (キダチタバコ)
N. longiflora Cav. (ナガバナタバコ)
N. rustica L. (マルバタバコ)
N. tabacum L. (タバコ)
N. trigonophylla Dunal (アレチタバコ)
N. × sanderae Hort. ex Sander (ハナタバコ)