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(Upload on December 13 2017) [ 日本語 | English ]

Solanaceae Juss. (ナス科)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

2500-3000 species in more than 100 genera (annuals, shrubs and rarely trees), mostly in tropical and temperate regions
Inflorescence: cymose or solitary axillary
Sepals and petals: united, plicate corolla
Anther: connivent
Leaf arrangement: alternate or spiral
Atropa L. (オオカミナス)
A. belladonna L. (オオカミナス)
Brugmansia Pers. (キダチチョウセンアサガオ)
Capsicum L. (トウガラシ)
Datura L. (チョウセンアサガオ)
Lycium L. (クコ)
Nicandra Adans. (オオセンナリex)
N. physalodes (L.) Gaertn. (オオセンナリ)
Petunia Juss. (ツクバネアサガオ)
Physalis L. (ホオズキ)
Scopolia Lam. (ハシリドコロ)
S. japonica Maxim. (ハシリドコロ)
Solanum L. (ナス)

[Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)]

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Floral diagram of Solanum nigrum

[when separated from Datura]

Brugmansia Pers. (キダチチョウセンアサガオ)


Tree or shrub
B. arborea (L.) Sweet (ピンクダチュラ)
B. cornigera Hook. cv. grand manier (ニオイチョウセンアサガオ)
B. sanguinea (Ruiz et Pav.) D. Don (ベニバナチョウセンアサガオ)
B. suaveolens (Humb. et Bonpl. ex Willd.) Sweet (キダチチョウセンアサガオ)
B. × candida Pers. (コダチチョウセンアサガオ)

Datura L. (チョウセンアサガオex) in Japan


Flower: upward and infundibular
Fruit: capsule (spines on the surface)
D. ferox L. (ツノミチョウセンアサガオ)
D. metel L. (チョウセンアサガオ), white flower, spherical capsule and perennial forb
D. stramonium L. (ヨウシュチョウセンアサガオ, s.l.)
D.wrightii Regel (ケチョウセンアサガオ)

Lycium L. (クコ)


L. barbarum L. (ナガバクコ)
L. chinense Mill. (クコ)
L. sandwicense A. Gray (アツバクコ)

Petunia Juss. (ツクバネアサガオ) in Japan


All are introduced to Japan for gardening
Chromosome number: 2n = 14
P. parviflora Juss.
P. hybrida (Hook. f.) Vilm. (ツクバネアサガオ)

Calibrachoa Cerv. (ヒメツクバネアサガオ)

Separated from Petunia, because of the chromosome number
Chromosome number: 2n = 18
Flower: 2.5-3 mm in diameter
C. parviflora (Juss.) D'Arcy (ヒメツクバネアサガオ)

Physalis L. (ホオズキ) in Japan


Fruit: enclosed by enlarged sepals
P. acutifolia (Miers) Sandw. (ナガエノセンナリホオズキ)
P. alkekengi L. (ホオズキ)
P. angulata L

var. angulata (ヒロハフウリンホオズキ)
var. lanceifolia (Nees) Waterf. (ホソバフウリンホオズキ)

var. pendula (Rydb.) Waterf. (アイフウリンホオズキ)

P. chamaesarachoides Makino (ヤマホオズキ)
P. grisea (Waterf.) M.Martinez (ショクヨウホオズキ)
P. heterophylla Nees (ビロードホオズキ)
P. ixocarpa Brot. ex Hornem. (オオブドウホオズキ)
P. longifolia Nutt. var. subglabrata (Mack. et Bush) Cronquist (ウスゲホオズキ)
P. peruviana L. (ブドウホオズキ)
P. philadelphica Lam. (キバナホオズキ)
P. pubescens L. (ヒメセンナリホオズキ)

[many vegetables in this genus] Nomenclature: Shimizu (2003)

Solanum L. (ナス) , selected


Fruit: not enveloped by sepals
Seed dispersal: animal
The most of all Solanum species are exotic to Japan
Close to Common Nightshade
S. luteum Mill. (Akamino inu-hozuki, アカミノイヌホオズキ), red fruit
S. memphiticum Mart. (Murasaki inu-hozuki, ムラサキイヌホオズキ), (slightly-)purple stem
S. nigrescens Mart. et Gal. (オオイヌホオズキ)
S. nigrum L. (イヌホオズキ) [native, s.l.]
S. physalifolium Rusby (Hime ke inu-hozuki, ヒメケイヌホオズキ)

dense stem hairs. flower = 4-6 mm in diameter

S. sarrachoides Sendtn. (Ke inu-hozuki, ケイヌホオズキ)

dense stem hairs. flower = 7-9 mm in diameter

Others
S. carolinense (ワルナスビ)
S. dulcamara L. (セイヨウヤマホロシ)
S. japonense Nakai (ヤマホロシ)

f. xanthocarpum H. Hara (キミノヤマホロシ)

S. lyratum Thunb. (ヒヨドリジョウゴ)
S. maximowiczii Koidz. (マルバノホロシ), south to Kanto District
S. megacarpum (オオマルバノホロシ)
S. sisymbriifolium Lam. (ハリナスビ)
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