(First upload on December 8 2013. Last on January 31 2015) [ 日本語 | English ]

Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Ilex L. (モチノキ)
Tsurutsuge (ツルツゲ, 蔓黄楊), tsuru holly
Life form: stoloniferous, evergreen shrub
Distribution: Asian temperate (Far East - Japan)
Habitat: forest floor of needle-leaved trees, sometimes categorized into (sub)alpine plant

Field training on integrated environmental research (統合環境調査法実習) (出現種リスト)

Leaf: sag downwards in the veins
Stem: developing crista
Seed dispersal (種子散布): animal → red fruit
Synonyms (no accessions)

Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt var. vegeta H. Hara
Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt var. hondoensis T. Yamaz.
Ilex rugosa F. Schmidt f. vegeta (H. Hara) H. Hara

var. stenophylla (Koidz.) Sugim. (ホソバツルツゲ)

Ilex rugosa in Japan

[1] at a trail in a Picea glehnii forest (アカエゾマツ林) on Mount Meakan (雌阿寒岳), eastern Hokkaido, on June 25 2013. [2/3] at a western slope of Mount Yotei (羊蹄山), central Hokkaido, on June 28 2014. [4] a specimen collected on a Japaese black pine forest in the Ikarashi Campus of Niigata University on August 2 1989.