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(First upload on July 6 2016. Last on June 14 2022) [ 日本語 | English ]

Vegetables in Allium L. (ネギ属の野菜)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Vegetables of Allium L. (ネギ)
Wild vegetable
A. macrostemon Bunge (ノビル)
A. victorialis L. ssp. platyphyllum Hultén (ギョウジャニンニク)
索引

Allium fistulosum L. (ネギ) in Japan


Negi (ネギ, 葱), Welsh onion or Japanese bunching onion
Lifeform: perennial herb, not developing bulbs
Distribution: China → cultivated in the world → escaped
Synonyms:

Allium bouddhae Debeaux
Allium fistulosum L. var. bouddhae Prokh.

var. caespitosum Makino (ワケギ)
var. viviparum Makino (ヤグラネギ)
Reproduction: viviparous
Use: medicine (diaphoresis, expectorant and diuresis - white parts of leaves containing propylallicin)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1] in a small field adjacent to an apartment in N16W2, North Ward, Sapporo, on May 19 2020. [2/3] probably escaped shoots in a small flower garden in front of Tokou Store, N27/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on June 7 2016, Records: in an unpaved parking lot, N27/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on September 20 2017.

var. viviparum (ヤグラネギ)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1] in the experimental station of medicinal plant studies, Hokkaido University, on June 3 2022. [2/3] under a street tree along Sosei River in N21/E1, East Ward, Sapporo, on May 4 2021. Records: in the experimental station of medicinal plant studies, Hokkaido University, on April 23 2021.

Allium sativum L. in Hokkaido (ニンニク)


A. sativum L. (ニンニク, s.l.)

syn. A. sativum L. var. japonicum Kitam., discarded

var. pekinense (Prokh.) F. Maek. (オオニンニク)
var. sativum cv. versicolor (セイヨウニンニク)
cv. nipponicum (ニンニク, s.s.)

var. pekinense (オオンニク)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] in the experimental station of medicinal plant studies, Hokkaido University, on May 7 2021.

Allium schoenoprasum L. (エゾネギ, s.l.) in Hokkaido


Lifeform: perennial herb
Medicine: inulin, alantolactone, etc. (stomachic, diuresis, bronchitis and apepsy)
var. caespitans Ohwi (カブアサツキ)
var. foliosum Regel (アサツキ, 浅葱)
Morphology: shorter than var. schoenoprasum with bulbs

f. albiflorum Ueno (シロバナアサツキ)

var. idzuense (H. Hara) H. Hara (イズアサツキ)
var. orientale Regel (シロウマアサツキ), rocky alpine and serpentine, stamen ≥ tepal
var. schoenoprasum, the type
エゾネギ (蝦夷葱, chives or Spanish garlic, セイヨウアサツキ)
Morphology: without bulbs
Distribution: Japan (northern Honshu and Hokkaido) - China - Europe
Habitat: sunny, mesic grasslands
Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 24, or 32
Synonyms (discarded):

- var. bellum Kitam. (ベンテンアサツキ)

var. yezomonticola H. Hara (ヒメエゾネギ), on and around Mount Apoi, smaller number of flowers, tepal = 6-8 mm long

f. leucanthum H. Hara (シロバナヒメエゾネギ)

var. foliosum (アサツキ)

ST1 ST2 ST3
[1-3] on a rocky seashore adjacent to Usujiri Fisheries Station, southern Hokkaido, on September 9 2020.

var. schoenoprasum (エゾネギ/セイヨウアサツキ)

ST1 ST2 ST3
ST4 ST5 ST6
ST7 ST8
[1] at a roadside, N22/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on June 2 2012. [2-4] along a paved road near a facility of Kyushu University Experimental Forest at Ashoro, eastern Hokkaido, on June 5 2014. [5/6] along a paved raod in N23/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on June 5 2018. [7/8] under a street light in N21/W4, North Ward, Sapporo, on May 24 2021.

Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng. in Hokkaido


Nira (ニラ, 韮), garlic chives, or leek
Lifeform: perennial forb
Origin: east Asia including Japan
Habitat: ruderal probably escaped from crop fields

Field training on integrated environmental research (統合環境調査法実習) (fauna and flora 種リスト)

Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 24 or 32
var. latifolium Kitam. (オオニラ)

ST1 ST2 ST3
ST4 ST5 ST6
[1] at a roadside of N30/E3, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 30 2009. [2] along the inner moat of Edo Castle, Tokyo, on October 19 2018. [3] at a roadside near Muroran Marine Station, Muroran City, on September 17 2013. [4/5] along a paved road on N22/E3, East Ward, Sapporo, on August 19 2016. [6] in the parking lot of Hokko Toko Store, East Ward, Sapporo, on October 6 2018. Records: along a paved road in N25/E2, East Ward, Sapporo, on September 5 2019. Around the accomodation of Teshio Experimental Forest, northern Hokkaido, on August 30 2021.

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