(First upload on December 11 2008. Last on July 5 2016) [ 日本語 | English ]

Sciadopitys verticillata (Thunberg) Siebold et Zuccarini

Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

Sciadopityaceae Luerss. (コウヤマキ)

[Engler's syllabus エングラー体系]
Formerly, in Taxodiaseae or Cupressaceae

Living fossil with no close relatives (the oldest fossil = 230 million years ago)
→ Three families, Sciadopityaceae, Pinaceae and Taxodiaceae, were differentiated in the similar periods

Sciadopitys Siebold et Zucc. (コウヤマキ)
This family consists of one species in one genus.

misspelled as Scuadopitys in a few webpages

Sciadopitys verticillata in Japan

Kouyamaki (コウヤマキ, 高野槇), Japanese umbrella pine
Honmaki/Maki (本槇/真木)
Lifeform: evergreen tree > 30 m high
Distribution: endemic to central and southern Japan (widespread in fossil records)
Habitat: mountainous forests

HUSTEP: Plants and Plant communities in Japan (flora list)

Use: wood → the Kiso five trees (木曽五木)

Maki1 Maki2 Maki3 Maki4
[1] crown and bark (樹皮) transplanted in the Hokkaido University campus, Sapporo, on November 29 2008. [2] at the arboretum of Hokkaido Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, in Hitsujigaoka, Sapporo, on July 9 2013. [3/4] on Fukuura-jima Island in Matsushima Islands, northern Honshu, on March 21 2016.