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Onagraceae Juss. (アカバナ科)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

> 600 species in ca. 37 genera
Five genera in Japan
[ Engler's syllabus ( エングラー体系 )| Bentham-Hooker system ( ベンサム・フッカー方式 )]

Circaea L. (ミズタマソウ)


C. alpina L. ssp. alpina (ミヤマタニタデ)
C. canadensis (L.) Hill ssp. quadrisulcata (Maxim.) Boufford (エゾミズタマソウ)
C. cordata Royle (ウシタキソウ)
C. erubescens Franch. et Sav. (タニタデ)
C. mollis Siebold et Zucc. (ミズタマソウ)

Clarkia Pursh (サンジソウ), farewell to spring or godetia


Distribution: western North America - souhtern South America
C. amoena (Lehm.) A. Nelson et J. F. Macbr. (タイリンマツヨイグサ)
C. elegans Douglas ex Lindl. (イヌサンジソウ)
C. pulchella Pursh (サンジソウ)

Epilobium L. (アカバナ, willowherb) in Japan


E. angustifolium L. (ヤナギラン)
E. latifolium L. (ヒメヤナギラン)

E. amurense Hausskn. (ケゴンアカバナ)
E. cephalostigma Hausskn. (イワアカバナ)
E. dielsii Lev. (アシボソアカバナ)
E. fastigiatoramosum Nakai (エダウチアカバナ)
E. fauriei Lev. (ヒメアカバナ)
E. formosanum Masam. (トダイアカバナ)
E. foucaudianum Lev. (ミヤマアカバナ)
E. glandulosum Lehm. var. asiaticum Hara (カラフトアカバナ)
E. hirsutum L. var. villosum Hausskn. (オオアカバナ)
E. montanum L. (エゾアカバナ)
E. palustre L. (ホソバアカバナ)
E. pyrricholophum Franch. et Savat. (アカバナ)
E. shiroumense Matsum. et Nakai (シロウマアカバナ)

Chamaenerion Sèguier when established

C. angustifolium (L.) Scop.
C. latifolium (L.) Th. Fr. et Lange
  • Keating, R.C., Hoch, P.C. & Raven, P.H. 1982. Perennation in Epilobium (Onagraceae) and its relation to classification andn ecoclogy. Systematic Botany 7: 379-404
  • Mosquin, T. 1966. A new taxonomy for Epilobium angustifolium L. (Onagraceae). Brittonia 18: 167-188 (see p. 179)
  • Trelawny, J.G. 1988. Wild flowers of the Yukon, Alaska & Northwestern Canada. Revised edition. Harbour Publishing, British Columbia. 224 p. (see p. 107)

Gaura L. (ヤマモモソウ)


About 10 spp. native to North and Central America
G. biennis L. (エダウチヤマモモソウ)
G. lindheimeri Engelm. et A. Gray (ヤマモモソウ)
G. parviflora Dougl. ex Hook. (イヌヤマモモソウ)

Oenothera L. (マツヨイグサ) in Japan


All species in Oenothera are exotic to Japan. At least 14 specie have immigrated, but four major species are descirbed in the book (Satake et al. 1982).
O. fruticosa L. (キダチマツヨイグサ)
O. laciniata Hill. (コマツヨイグサ)
O. stricta Ledeb. (マツヨイグサ)
O. erythrosepala Borbas (オオマツヨイグサ)
O. biennis L. (s.s.) (メマツヨイグサ)
The others are:
O. parviflora L. (アレチマツヨイグサ), confusing group
O. perennis L. (ヒナマツヨイグサ)
O. rosea L'Her. ex Aiton (ユウゲショウ)
O. speciosa Nutt. (ヒルザキツキミソウ)
O. tetragona Roth (シモフリマツヨイグサ)
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