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Araliaceae Juss. (ウコギ科)






Mount Usu / Sarobetsu post-mined peatland
From left: Crater basin in 1986 and 2006. Cottongrass / Daylily

[ Bentham-Hooker system | Engler's syllabus (エングラー体系)]

Order Umbellales セリ

Araliaceae Juss.

Syn: Botryodendraceae J. Agardh and Hydrocotylaceae (Drude) Hyl., nom. cons.

Ginseng family

900 species in 60 genera
Lifeform: trees, large perennial herbs or vines
Aralia L. (タラノキ)
Dendropanax Decne. et Planch. (カクレミノ)
Acanthopanax Miq. (Eleutherococcus Maxim.) (ウコギ)
Fatsia Decne. et Planch. (ヤツデ)
Evodiopanax (Gamblea C. B. Clarke (タカノツメ)
Hedera L. (キヅタ)
Kalopanax Miq. (ハリギリ)
One speices in Japan
K. pictus (Thunb.) Nakai (ハリギリ)
Oplopanax (Nakai) Nakai (ハリブキ)
Panax L. (トチバニンジン)
Plerandra A. Gray (モミジバアラリア)
not distributed in Japan
P. elegantissima (Veitch ex Mast.) Lowry, G.M.Plunkett et Frodin (モミジバアラリア)
Schefflera J. R. Forst. et G. Forst. (フカノキ)
Tetrapanax (K. Koch) K. Koch (カミヤツデ)

Aralia L. (タラノキ) in Hokkaido


Tree
A. elata (Miq.) Seemann (タラノキ)
Herb without cultellus
A. cordata Thunb. (ウド)
A. glabra Matsum. (Miyama-Udo, ミヤマウド, 深山独活), not distributed in Hokkaido

Dendropanax Decne. et Planch. (カクレミノ)


D. iriomotensis (Masam.) Hatus. (イリオモテカクレミノ)
D. morbiferus H. Lev. (チョウセンカクレミノ)
D. pellucidopunctatus (Hayata) Kaneh. タイワンカクレミノ)
D. trifidus (Thunb.) Makino ex H. Hara (カクレミノ)

Acanthopanax Miq. (ウコギ)


AcanthopanaxWhen adopted
30-40 dioecious trees and shrubs, distrbuted in the East Asia
Nine species in Japan (Ohwi & Kitagawa 1983)
⇒ moved mostly to Eleutherococcus Maxim. (ウコギ) or Chengiopanax C. B. Shang et J. Y. Huang (コシアブラ)
A. spinosus (L. f.) Miq. (ヤマウコギ), shrubE. spinosus (L. f.) S. Y. Hu
A. nipponicus Makino (オカウコギ), south to Fukushima Prefecture

- var. japonicus (Franch. et Sav.) H. Ohba (オカウコギ)

A. nikaianus Koidz. ex Nakai (ウラゲウコギ), south to Kinki District

- var. nikaianus (Koidz. ex Nakai) H. Ohba (ウラゲウコギ)

A. trichodon Franch. et Sav. (ミヤマウコギ), south to Kanto District (Pacific Ocean side)E. trichodon (Franch. et Sav.) H. Ohashi
A. sieboldianus Makino (ウコギ/ヒメウコギ)E. sieboldianus (Makino) Koidz.
A. divaricatus (Siebold et Zucc.) Seem. (ケヤマウコギ/オニウコギ)E. divaricatus (Siebold et Zucc.) S. Y. Hu
A. hypoleucus Makino (ウラジロウコギ)E. hypoleucus (Makino) Nakai, between Kanto and Kyushu
A. senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms (エゾウコギ), shrub (never seen in southern HokkaidoE. senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Maxim.
A. sciadophylloides Franch. et Sav.(コシアブラ)C. sciadophylloides (Franch. et Sav.) C. B. Shang et J. Y. Huang
E. higoensis (Hatus.) H. Ohba (ヒゴウコギ)
E. nodiflorus (Dunn) S. Y. Hu (タンナウコギ)
E. trifoliatus (L.) S. Y. Hu (ミツバウコギ)

Fatsia Decne. et Planch. (ヤツデ)


Three species in the world. Two species in (southern) Japan and one species in Taiwan.
F. japonica (Thunb.) Decne. et Planch. (ヤツデ)
F. oligocasrpella (Nakai) Koidz. (ムニンヤツデ): in Bonin Islands
F. polycarpa Hayata (タイワンヤツデ): in Taiwan

Hedera L. (キヅタ) in Japan


H. rhombea (Miq.) Bean (キヅタ/フユヅタ)
Introduced gardening plants
H. canariensis Willd. (オカメヅタ)
H. helix L. (セイヨウキヅタ)

Panax L. (トチバニンジン) in Japan


P. ginseng C. A. Meyer (チョウセンニンジン, 朝鮮人参), culivated
P. japonicus C. A. Meyer (トチバニンジン)
P. pseudoginseng Wall. (サンシチニンジン), cultivated

Schefflera J. R. Forst. et G. Forst. (フカノキ)


S. arboricola (Hayata) Merr. (ヤドリフカノキ)
S. heptaphylla (L.) Frodin (フカノキ)
S. odorata (Blanco) Merr. et Rolfe (キノボリフカノキ)
S. taiwaniana (Nakai) Kaneh. (ホザキフカノキ)
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